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What Is A Primate

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Author: Bobbie Kalman
Publisher: Turtleback
ISBN: 9780606180726
Size: 16.40 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages :
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Examines the characteristics of different primate species, their habits, and social structures. Science Of Living Things.

The Evolution Of Exudativory In Primates

The Evolution of Exudativory in Primates PDF

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Author: Anne M. Burrows
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441966612
Size: 61.54 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 306
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I first became involved in research into primate behavior and ecology in 1968, over 40 years ago, driven by a quest for a better understanding of the natural context of primate evolution. At that time, it was virtually unknown that primates can exploit exudates as a major food source. I was certainly unaware of this myself. By good fortune, I was awarded a postdoctoral grant to work on lemurs with Jean-Jacques Petter in the general ecology division of the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle in Brunoy, France. This provided the launching-pad for my first field study of lesser mouse lemurs in Madagascar, during which I gained my initial inklings of exudate feeding. It was also in Brunoy that I met up with Pierre Charles- Dominique, who introduced me to pioneering observations of exudate feeding he had made during his field study of five lorisiform species in Gabon. This opened my eyes to a key feeding adaptation that has now been reported for at least 69 primate species in 12 families (Smith, Chap. 3) – almost 20% of extant primate species. So exudativory is now firmly established as a dietary category for p- mates, alongside the long-recognized classes of faunivory (including insectivory), frugivory, and folivory. Soon after I encountered Charles-Dominique, he published the first synthetic account of his Gabon field study in a French language journal (Charles-Dominique 1971).

Primate Comparative Anatomy

Primate Comparative Anatomy PDF

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Author: Daniel L. Gebo
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421414899
Size: 28.30 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 187
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Why do orangutan arms closely resemble human arms? What is the advantage to primates of having long limbs? Why do primates have forward-facing eyes? Answers to questions such as these are usually revealed by comparative studies of primate anatomy. In this heavily illustrated, up-to-date textbook, primate anatomist Daniel L. Gebo provides straightforward explanations of primate anatomy that move logically through the body plan and across species. Including only what is essential in relation to soft tissues, the book relies primarily on bony structures to explain the functions and diversity of anatomy among living primates. Ideal for college and graduate courses, Gebo's book will also appeal to researchers in the fields of mammalogy, primatology, anthropology, and paleontology. Included in this book are discussions of: • Phylogeny • Adaptation • Body size • The wet- and dry-nosed primates • Bone biology • Musculoskeletal mechanics • Strepsirhine and haplorhine heads • Primate teeth and diets • Necks, backs, and tails • The pelvis and reproduction • Locomotion • Forelimbs and hindlimbs • Hands and feet • Grasping toes

What Is A Primate

What Is a Primate  PDF

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Author: Bobbie Kalman
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780865059504
Size: 68.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 32
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Examines the physiology, feeding and reproductive habits, and social behavior of each group of primates, including chimpanzees, orangutans, gorillas, gibbons, Old World and New World monkeys, marmosets, and humans.

Primate Origins Adaptations And Evolution

Primate Origins  Adaptations and Evolution PDF

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Author: Matthew J. Ravosa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387335072
Size: 21.65 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 829
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This book provides a novel focus on adaptive explanations for cranial and postcranial features and functional complexes, socioecological systems, life history patterns, etc. in early primates. It further offers a detailed rendering of the phylogenetic affinities of such basal taxa to later primate clades as well as to other early/recent mammalian orders. In addition to the strictly paleontological or systemic questions regarding Primate Origins, the editors concentrate on the adaptive significance of primate characteristics. Thus, the book provides the broadest possible perspective on early primate phylogeny and the adaptive uniqueness of the Order Primates.

Monkeys Apes And Humans

Monkeys  Apes  and Humans PDF

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Author: Michael A. Huffman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431541527
Size: 32.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 52
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(tentative) What bring about biodiversity are not always genes. As is the case with humans, cultural diversity of non-human animals has also been found. Most of well-known examples of animal cultures are those of food acquisition behaviors, such as sweet-potato-washing by Japanese macaques and nut-cracking by chimpanzees. First author, Naofumi Nakagawa, introduces cultural diversity of social behaviors in wild Japanese macaques, such as the embracing behaviors between adult females in a wild group in each population of Yakushima, Kinkazan, and Shimokita. The subtle local difference in embracing can be identified as the first evidence for social customs in wild Japanese macaques. The next author, Michael A. Huffman, introduces the self-medicative behavior in non-human primates, which is a relatively new study in primatology. Parasites cause a variety of diseases that affect the behavior and reproductive fitness of an individual. He classifies health maintenance and self-medicative behaviors observed in non-human primates into four levels. Not only humans but also apes and monkeys are maintaining their health. The third authors, Hiroo Imai, Masaki Tomonaga, and Yasuhiro Go, are promoting comparative cognitive sciences of primates including human and chimpanzees. Recently, human personal genome projects progresses as related to the phenotypes including cognition, while there was no similar project for non-human primates. They started personal genome and transcriptome projects of chimpanzees in Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, years ago. They introduce recent progresses of the project and related results based on the primate genome sciences.

Primate Anatomy

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Author: Friderun Ankel-Simons
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780120586707
Size: 26.60 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 506
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Primates include a wide variety of mammals from the relatively ancient lineages of lemurs on Madagascar and tiny tarsiers of Southeast Asia to the gorillas of montane Africa. Of course, humankind are also primates - one twig on the primate evolutionary tree. Primate Anatomy: An Introduction, Second Edition is a succinct and readable survey of primatology focusing particularly on the anatomy of primates. Following an introduction, the chapters are organized by organ system. Also included are chapters dealing with reproduction, chromosomes, blood groups, and molecular studies of primate evolution. This book would be ideal for an introductory course in primatology and should appeal to both faculty and students who need a brief treatment of the essentials of primatology. * The only introductory text on primatology on the market * First time comprehensive survey of molecular primatology * Plenty of information that is not found in other textbooks * Up-to-date discussion of all aspects of taxonomy and anatomy * Many unique and informative illustrations, charts, and tables

Reconstructing Behavior In The Primate Fossil Record

Reconstructing Behavior in the Primate Fossil Record PDF

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Author: J. Michael Plavcan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146151343X
Size: 59.40 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 437
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This volume brings together a series of papers that address the topic of reconstructing behavior in the primate fossil record. The literature devoted to reconstructing behavior in extinct species is ovelWhelming and very diverse. Sometimes, it seems as though behavioral reconstruction is done as an afterthought in the discussion section of papers, relegated to the status of informed speculation. But recent years have seen an explosion in studies of adaptation, functional anatomy, comparative sociobiology, and development. Powerful new comparative methods are now available on the internet. At the same time, we face a rapidly growing fossil record that offers more and more information on the morphology and paleoenvironments of extinct species. Consequently, inferences of behavior in extinct species have become better grounded in comparative studies of living species and are becoming increas ingly rigorous. We offer here a series of papers that review broad issues related to reconstructing various aspects of behavior from very different types of evi dence. We hope that in so doing, the reader will gain a perspective on the various types of evidence that can be brought to bear on reconstructing behavior, the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches, and, perhaps, new approaches to the topic. We define behavior as broadly as we can including life-history traits, locomotion, diet, and social behavior, giving the authors considerable freedom in choosing what, exactly, they wish to explore.

The Evolution Of Hemispheric Specialization In Primates

The Evolution of Hemispheric Specialization in Primates PDF

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Author: William D. Hopkins
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080557809
Size: 45.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 312
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Hemispheric specialization, and lateralized sensory, cognitive or motor function of the left and right halves of the brain, commonly manifests in humans as right-handedness and left hemisphere specialization of language functions. Historically, this has been considered a hallmark of, and unique to, human evolution. Some theories propose that human right-handedness evolved in the context of language and speech while others that it was a product of the increasing motor demands associated with feeding or tool-use. In the past 20-25 years, there has been a plethora of research in animals on the topic of whether population-level asymmetries in behavioral processes or neuro-anatomical structures exist in animals, notably primates and people have begun to question the historical assumptions that hemispheric specialization is unique to humans. This book brings together various summary chapters on the expression of behavioral and neuro-anatomical asymmetries in primates. Several chapters summarize entire families of primates while others focus on genetic and non-genetic models of handedness in humans and how they can be tested in non-human primates. In addition, it makes explicit links between various theoretical models of the development of handedness in humans with the observed patterns of results in non-human primates. A second emphasis is on comparative studies of handedness in primates. There is now enough data in the literature across different species to present an evolutionary tree for the emergence of handedness (and perhaps other aspects of hemispheric specialization, such as neuro-anatomical asymmetries) and its relation to specific morphological and ecological adaptations in various primate species. * The first treatment of this important topic since 1998 * Examines the tenet that lateralization and handedness is a uniquely human character through evidence from higer and lower primates and with reference to other vertebrates. * Advances our understanding of the occurrence, evolution and significance of lateralization and handedness effects.

A Primate S Memoir

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Author: Robert M. Sapolsky
Publisher: Scribner
ISBN: 9780743202411
Size: 31.20 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 304
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In the tradition of Jane Goodall and Dian Fossey, Robert Sapolsky, a foremost science writer and recipient of a MacArthur Genius Grant, tells the mesmerizing story of his twenty-one years in remote Kenya with a troop of Savannah baboons. “I had never planned to become a savanna baboon when I grew up; instead, I had always assumed I would become a mountain gorilla,” writes Robert Sapolsky in this witty and riveting chronicle of a scientist’s coming-of-age in remote Africa. An exhilarating account of Sapolsky’s twenty-one-year study of a troop of rambunctious baboons in Kenya, A Primate’s Memoir interweaves serious scientific observations with wry commentary about the challenges and pleasures of living in the wilds of the Serengeti—for man and beast alike. Over two decades, Sapolsky survives culinary atrocities, gunpoint encounters, and a surreal kidnapping, while witnessing the encroachment of the tourist mentality on the farthest vestiges of unspoiled Africa. As he conducts unprecedented physiological research on wild primates, he becomes evermore enamored of his subjects—unique and compelling characters in their own right—and he returns to them summer after summer, until tragedy finally prevents him. By turns hilarious and poignant, A Primate’s Memoir is a magnum opus from one of our foremost science writers.

My Family Album

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Author: Frans B. M. Waal
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520236157
Size: 38.45 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 169
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The author of Chimpanzee Politics and Bonobo: The Forgotten Ape captures the social interactions of apes, focusing on the subtle gestures of chimps, bonobos, capuchin, baboons, and macaques as they interact within their groups. 10,000 first printing. (Biology & Natural History)

Primate Behavioral Ecology

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Author: Karen B. Strier
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131732711X
Size: 59.60 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 574
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This comprehensive introductory text integrates evolutionary, ecological, and demographic perspectives with new results from field studies and contemporary noninvasive molecular and hormonal techniques to understand how different primates behave and the significance of these insights for primate conservation. Each chapter is organized around the major research themes in the field, with Strier emphasizing the interplay between theory, observations, and conservation issues. Examples are drawn from the "classic" primate field studies as well as more recent studies on previously neglected species, illustrating the vast behavioral variation that exists across the primate order. Primate Behavioral Ecology 5th Edition also examines how anthropogenic activities are negatively impacting primate populations, including a thorough analysis of behavioural plasticity and its implications. This fully updated new edition incorporates exciting new discoveries and the most up-to-date approaches in the field to provide an invaluable overview of the field of primate behavioral ecology and its applications to primate conservation. It is considered to be a “must read” for all students interested in primates.

Tree Of Origin

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Author: Frans B. M. de Waal
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674033027
Size: 76.52 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 320
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How did we become the linguistic, cultured, and hugely successful apes that we are? Our closest relatives--the other mentally complex and socially skilled primates--offer tantalizing clues. In Tree of Origin nine of the world's top primate experts read these clues and compose the most extensive picture to date of what the behavior of monkeys and apes can tell us about our own evolution as a species. It has been nearly fifteen years since a single volume addressed the issue of human evolution from a primate perspective, and in that time we have witnessed explosive growth in research on the subject. Tree of Origin gives us the latest news about bonobos, the make love not war apes who behave so dramatically unlike chimpanzees. We learn about the tool traditions and social customs that set each ape community apart. We see how DNA analysis is revolutionizing our understanding of paternity, intergroup migration, and reproductive success. And we confront intriguing discoveries about primate hunting behavior, politics, cognition, diet, and the evolution of language and intelligence that challenge claims of human uniqueness in new and subtle ways. Tree of Origin provides the clearest glimpse yet of the apelike ancestor who left the forest and began the long journey toward modern humanity.

Orangutans

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Author: M. Martin
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781548655938
Size: 69.14 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 26
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It may be somewhat shocking to learn what humans have in common with other primates. These primates have hands and feet, shoulders and hips, and unlike most animals and mammals who rely on their sense of smell, the arrangement of a primate's brain is like a human's, which relies on sight and social order. This means that Apes and humans and monkeys are all classified as primates. But in contrast to the evolutionary theory which claims that we humans are genetically 95 to 99 percent close to Apes and monkeys, there is a massive difference in posture and locomotion alone. Humans' hair, nervous system, and way of communication, among other things, also separate them from these lesser types. Like the human race that is a class of its own with diverging traits, these lesser types also have their own varying qualities. After freeing you from these obscuring evolutionary beliefs that pester every serious reader studying or seeing a picture of an ape or a monkey, this book will help you classify the distinctive makeup of an orangutan. It will teach you how to tell a monkey from an ape. It will show you what characterizes an orangutan from the rest of the other primates. Who are their predators? How many species are there and how do they differ? What is their closest relative? Why are they becoming extinct? This and much more intriguing information that makes them stand out from the rest can be found in this book. Also included in the book are more than 20 descriptive photos which show the reader their unique color and help them visualize what it means to have a flange face. It will also give the reader a look into what is becoming an extinct species.

Pocket Handbook Of Nonhuman Primate Clinical Medicine

Pocket Handbook of Nonhuman Primate Clinical Medicine PDF

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Author: Angela Courtney
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439867283
Size: 77.21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 251
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Sources of clinical treatment information on nonhuman primates are generally scattered across journals, textbooks, conferences, personal conversations, and more. However, when a clinician on the treatment floor is faced with a patient requiring an immediate treatment decision, time spent on making an informed decision becomes a critical factor. An alternative to conducting a literature search in time-sensitive situations, the Pocket Handbook of Nonhuman Primate Clinical Medicine supplies guidance and initial direction on diagnosis and treatment, including working doses based on past case experience. It is the frank, to-the-point nature of the writing that makes readers feel as if they had just asked a colleague how to approach a clinical problem and obtained a quick, "what you need to know" answer. The chapter authors draw on personal experience to describe commonly encountered clinical conditions and how to treat these cases—including not only the "dos" but also the "don’ts." This format gives readers easy access to clinical signs, diagnostic criteria, and options for treatment. The Pocket Handbook of Nonhuman Primate Clinical Medicine is a convenient, concise, case-based handbook written by and for clinicians in charge of the diagnosis and treatment of nonhuman primate patients. Available in both print and electronic formats, this handbook saves readers from having to wade through pages of data and case studies to find answers when time is a factor on the clinic floor.

Primate Visions

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Author: Donna Jeanne Haraway
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415902940
Size: 24.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 486
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Haraway's discussions of how scientists have perceived the sexual nature of female primates opens a new chapter in feminist theory, raising unsettling questions about models of the family and of heterosexuality in primate research.

Primate Ecology And Conservation

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Author: Eleanor Sterling
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191662445
Size: 41.26 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 448
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The study of primate ecology and conservation has advanced rapidly in recent years. This practical volume brings together a group of distinguished primate researchers to synthesize field, laboratory, and conservation management techniques for primate ecology and conservation. The synthesis focuses on new and emerging field methods alongside a comprehensive presentation of laboratory and data analysis techniques, as well as the latest methods for determining conservation status and conservation management. This book's particular focus is on innovative ways to study primates in a changing world, including emerging methods such as non-invasive genetic techniques and advanced spatial modeling. In addition to synthesizing field and lab methods, the authors also discuss data interpretation, as well as important guiding questions and principles for students and researchers to consider as they plan research projects in primate ecology and conservation such as: how to choose a field site, acquire research permits, connect with local authorities, communities and researchers, and many other considerations. Although three chapters are dedicated to conservation methods, consideration of conservation status and threats to primate populations are considered throughout this volume where appropriate. This latest publication in the Techniques in Ecology and Conservation Series aims to provide a practical empirical reference text with an international scope, appropriate for graduate students, researchers, and conservation professionals across the globe.

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