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Ukraine Ex Post Evaluation Of Exceptional Access Under The 2010 Stand By Arrangement

Ukraine  Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2010 Stand by Arrangement PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 149832942X
Size: 74.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 44
View: 7105


This paper discusses Ukraine’s Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2010 Stand-By Arrangement. For the most part, the 2010 program was appropriately designed given the ambitious agenda it had set out to accomplish. The macroeconomic strategy and program design correctly addressed the most important vulnerabilities—Ukraine’s large fiscal and quasi-fiscal deficits, its lack of resilience to external shocks, and lingering weaknesses in the financial sector. Although the program’s long duration was appropriate given its focus on medium-term issues, hindsight would suggest that a shorter program would have been preferable given the country’s past program performance.

Ukraine

Ukraine PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475543506
Size: 41.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 56
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Ukraine requested a 24-month SDR 10.976 billion exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement (SBA) in April 2014 against the backdrop of large internal and external imbalances, considerable domestic political upheaval, and an emerging conflict in the East. Inconsistent macroeconomic policies in the preceding years had led to a potent combination of an overvalued pegged exchange rate, large and growing twin deficits, and a weak banking system by end-2013. Domestic political turmoil and conflict in Crimea and Eastern Ukraine added to these problems, creating an urgent need for financial assistance from the international community. The 2014 SBA (of about $17 billion) was Ukraine’s third since 2008.

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2012 Working Together To Support Global Recovery

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2012  Working Together To Support Global Recovery PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484334841
Size: 77.41 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 85
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The IMF's 2012 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2012, which covers the period from May 1, 2011, through April 30, 2012. The print version of the Report is available in eight languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish), along with a CD-ROM (available in English only) that includes the Report text and ancillary materials, including the Fund's Financial Statements for FY2012.

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513516337
Size: 56.81 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages :
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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019.

Energy Policies Beyond Iea Countries

Energy Policies Beyond IEA Countries PDF

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Author:
Publisher: OCDE
ISBN:
Size: 58.38 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 221
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Ukraine's energy sector faces unprecedented challenges, from a heavy reliance on expensive fossil-fuel imports to inefficient infrastructure and markets. Yet there is also potential for Ukraine to experience an energy revolution, one that could boost employment, lift economic growth and enhance energy security. Modernisation of Ukraine's energy-supply sectors has only begun and will require investment on a huge scale, complemented by a fundamental reform of the business environment. A strong dependency on oil and gas imports and often-inefficient energy production, transportation and supply sectors means that reducing energy demand must be a greater priority. The potential for energy efficiency gains in the residential, district heating and industrial sectors is large. Endowed with large conventional energy reserves, alongside sizeable renewable potential, Ukraine can build the capacity to significantly increase its resource production. Releasing this potential will require deep regulatory reform and full implementation of international treaty provisions. Effective competition, alongside a progressive move towards market prices, will also help Ukraine attract investment to develop the sector. A draft energy strategy, which sets out a series of supply-side measures, was published in 2012. Broadening and implementing a comprehensive energy strategy, one that takes greater account of demand-side policies, could significantly improve progress in the medium term. This review analyses the large energy-policy challenges facing Ukraine and provides recommendations for further policy improvements.

Volkswagen Chronik

Volkswagen Chronik PDF

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Author: Markus Lupa
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 73.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Volkswagen automobiles
Languages : de
Pages : 260
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Nachhaltigkeit Der Staatsverschuldung

Nachhaltigkeit der Staatsverschuldung PDF

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Author: Reinhard Neck
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
ISBN: 9783631609798
Size: 48.55 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : de
Pages : 300
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Das Buch berichtet uber Tests der Budgetpolitik auf Nachhaltigkeit der Staatsschulden, insbesondere in der Eurozone, uber die makrookonomischen Auswirkungen von Austeritatspolitik, uber Pensionspolitik und uber den Stabilitats- und Wachstumspakt. Es enthalt Landerstudien fur die USA, Deutschland, Osterreich, Italien und Grobritannien.

Tatsachen Ber Deutschland

Tatsachen   ber Deutschland PDF

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Author: Arno Kappler
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783797306296
Size: 73.54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Germany
Languages : de
Pages : 544
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Brief reports on the country, its people, history, development, organization of state and society, politics, economics, and cultural diversity.

Das Deutsche Gesundheitssystem

Das deutsche Gesundheitssystem PDF

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Author: Reinhard Busse
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783954662449
Size: 20.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : de
Pages : 346
View: 880



Befreiung Aus Der M Ndigkeit

Befreiung aus der M  ndigkeit PDF

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Author: Axel Honneth
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593370804
Size: 11.54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Capitalism
Languages : de
Pages : 254
View: 6588



Das Recht Des Rechtspluralismus

Das Recht des Rechtspluralismus PDF

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Author: Ralf Seinecke
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161535635
Size: 35.45 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : de
Pages : 463
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Rechtspluralismus zahlt zu den Schlusselbegriffen der neuen globalen, inter- oder transnationalen Rechtswelt. Aber was bedeutet Rechtspluralismus? Kann und darf Recht plural verfasst sein? Und was folgt aus dem Rechtspluralismus fur die Rechtsgeschichte oder Rechtstheorie, fur Europarecht, Volkerrecht oder Internationales Privatrecht? Ralf Seinecke verfolgt diese Fragen auf verschiedenen Wegen. Er zeichnet die historische Entwicklung des Begriffs seit den 1960er Jahren bis in die Gegenwart nach, legt die verschiedenen historischen, juristischen oder politischen Phanomene des Rechtspluralismus offen und analysiert die Konzeptionen des Rechtspluralismus anhand seiner wichtigsten Theoretiker wie Boaventura de Sousa Santos oder Gunther Teubner. Schliesslich untersucht der Autor den Rechtsbegriff des Rechtspluralismus und zeigt, dass der Pluralismus des Rechts keine Besonderheit der Postmoderne ist, sondern schon die klassische Moderne der Rechtstheorie pragte.

Die Gro E Regression

Die gro  e Regression PDF

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Author: Heinrich Geiselberger
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518751670
Size: 77.81 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 319
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Spätestens seit sich die Folgen der Finanzkrise abzeichnen und die Migration in die Europäische Union zunimmt, sehen wir uns mit Entwicklungen konfrontiert, die viele für Phänomene einer längst vergangenen Epoche hielten: dem Aufstieg nationalistischer, teils antiliberaler Parteien wie dem Front National und der AfD, einer tiefgreifenden Krise der EU, einer Verrohung des öffentlichen Diskurses durch Demagogen wie Donald Trump, wachsendem Misstrauen gegenüber den etablierten Medien und einer Verbreitung fremdenfeindlicher Einstellungen, die an dunkle Zeiten gemahnt. Politiker werden als »Vaterlandsverräter« verunglimpft, Muslime unter Generalverdacht gestellt, im Internet werden die krudesten Verschwörungstheorien propagiert. In diesem Band untersuchen international renommierte Forscher und Intellektuelle die Ursachen dieser »Großen Regression«, verorten sie in einem historischen Kontext, erörtern Szenarien für die nächsten Jahre und diskutieren Strategien, mit denen wir diesen Entwicklungen entgegentreten können. Mit Beiträgen von Arjun Appadurai, Zygmunt Bauman, Donatella della Porta, Nancy Fraser, Eva Illouz, Ivan Krastev, Bruno Latour, Paul Mason, Pankaj Mishra, Robert Misik, Oliver Nachtwey, César Rendueles, Wolfgang Streeck, David Van Reybrouck, Slavoj Žižek.

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