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The Spanish Colonial Settlement Landscapes Of New Mexico 1598 1680

The Spanish Colonial Settlement Landscapes of New Mexico  1598 1680 PDF

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Author: Elinore M. Barrett
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 0826350852
Size: 11.14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 1879


The Spanish began to settle New Mexico in the sixteenth century, and although scholars have long known the names of those settlers, this is the first book to place the colonists on the map. Using documentary, genealogical, and archaeological sources, Elinore M. Barrett depicts the settlement patterns of Spaniards in New Mexico from the beginning of colonization in 1598 up to 1680, when the Pueblo Revolt forced the colonists to retreat for a time. Barrett describes the natural environment and the Pueblo villages that the Spanish colonists encountered, as well as the activities of the Spanish civil and religious establishments related to land, labor, and tribute and the mission and mining landscapes the colonists created. She also recounts the founding and settling of Santa Fe and analyzes demographic dynamics, adding a new dimension to studies of the colonial Southwest.

Pueblo Sovereignty

Pueblo Sovereignty PDF

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Author: Malcolm Ebright
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 0806163437
Size: 42.64 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 260
View: 5269


Over five centuries of foreign rule—by Spain, Mexico, and the United States—Native American pueblos have confronted attacks on their sovereignty and encroachments on their land and water rights. How five New Mexico and Texas pueblos did this, in some cases multiple times, forms the history of cultural resilience and tenacity chronicled in Pueblo Sovereignty by two of New Mexico’s most distinguished legal historians, Malcolm Ebright and Rick Hendricks. Extending their award-winning work Four Square Leagues, Ebright and Hendricks focus here on four New Mexico Pueblo Indian communities—Pojoaque, Nambe, Tesuque, and Isleta—and one now in Texas, Ysleta del Sur. The authors trace the complex tangle of conflicting jurisdictions and laws these pueblos faced when defending their extremely limited land and water resources. The communities often met such challenges in court and, sometimes, as in the case of Tesuque Pueblo in 1922, took matters into their own hands. Ebright and Hendricks describe how—at times aided by appointed Spanish officials, private lawyers, priests, and Indian agents—each pueblo resisted various non-Indian, institutional, and legal pressures; and how each suffered defeat in the Court of Private Land Claims and the Pueblo Lands Board, only to assert its sovereignty again and again. Although some of these defenses led to stunning victories, all five pueblos experienced serious population declines. Some were even temporarily abandoned. That all have subsequently seen a return to their traditions and ceremonies, and ultimately have survived and thrived, is a testimony to their resilience. Their stories, documented here in extraordinary detail, are critical to a complete understanding of the history of the Pueblos and of the American Southwest.

New Mexico Historical Review

New Mexico Historical Review PDF

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Author: Lansing Bartlett Bloom
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 22.97 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Indians of North America
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1402



Spanish Colonial Lives

Spanish Colonial Lives PDF

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Author: Linda Tigges
Publisher: Sunstone Press
ISBN: 1611394430
Size: 55.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 696
View: 3317


On their return to New Mexico from El Paso after the 1680 Pueblo Revolt, the New Mexican settlers were confronted with continuous raids by hostile Indians tribes, disease and an inhospitable landscape. In spite of this, in the early and mid-eighteenth century, the New Mexicans went about their daily lives as best they could, as shown in original documents from the time. The documents show them making deals, traveling around the countryside and to and from El Paso and Mexico City, complaining about and arguing with each other, holding festivals, and making plans for the future of their children. It also shows them interacting with the presidio soldiers, the Franciscan friars and Inquisition officials, El Paso and Chihuahua merchants, the occasional Frenchman, and their Pueblo Indian allies. Because many of the documents include oral testimony, we are able to read what they had to say, sometimes angry, asking for help, or giving excuses for their behavior, as written down by a scribe at the time. This book includes fifty-four original handwritten documents from the early and mid-eighteenth century. Most of the original documents are located in the Spanish Archives of New Mexico, although some are from the Bancroft Library at the University of California at Berkeley, the Archivo General de la Nacion in Mexico City, and elsewhere. They were selected for their description of Spanish Colonial life, of interest to the many descendants of the characters that appear in them, and because they tell a good story. A translation and transcription of each document is included as well as a synopsis, background notes, and biographical notes. They can be considered a companion, in part, to Ralph Emerson Twitchell’s 1914 two volumes, The Spanish Archives of New Mexico, summarizing the documents of the Spanish Archives of New Mexico, now available in new editions from Sunstone Press.

Spanish Colonial Women And The Law English Edition

Spanish Colonial Women and the Law  English Edition  PDF

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Author: Linda Tigges
Publisher: Sunstone Press
ISBN: 1632931869
Size: 17.62 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 374
View: 7677


Women in early 18th century Spanish Colonial New Mexico had rights and privileges under Spanish law that were not enjoyed by other women in North America until the late 19th and early 20th century. Women were considered separate entities under the law and valuable members of Spanish society. As such, they could own property, inherit in their own name, and act as court witnesses. In particular they could make accusations and denunciations to the local alcalde mayor and governor, which they frequently did. The documents in this book show that Spanish Colonial women were aware of their rights and took advantage of them to assert themselves in the struggling communities of the New Mexican frontier. In the documents, the women are shown making complaints of theft, physical and verbal abuse by their husbands or other women, and of non-payment of dowries or other inheritance. Other documents are included showing men accusing women of misrepresenting property ownership and dowry payments and of adultery and slander. Spain was a legalistic society and both women and men used the courts to settle even minor matters. Because the court proceedings were written down by a scribe and stored in the archives, many documents still exist. From these, thirty-one have been selected allowing us to hear the words of some outspoken Spanish women and the sometimes angry men, speaking their minds in court about their spouses, lovers of their spouses, children, and relatives, as well as their land, livestock and expected inheritance. The documents translated into English in this book are a small number of the existing documents held in Santa Fe at the Spanish Archives of New Mexico, at the Bancroft Library at University of California, the Archivo General de la Nacion in Mexico City, and elsewhere. A synopsis, editor’s notes, maps, and biographical notes are provided. The material can be considered a companion, in part, to Ralph Emerson Twitchell’s 1914 two volumes, The Spanish Archives of New Mexico, available in new editions from Sunstone Press. Sunstone Press has also published a Spanish/English edition both in both hardcover and softcover.

The Journal Of Arizona History

The Journal of Arizona History PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 30.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Arizona
Languages : en
Pages :
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Journal Of Anthropological Research

Journal of Anthropological Research PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 72.76 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Anthropology
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2498



Ecocide Of Native America

Ecocide of Native America PDF

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Author: Donald A. Grinde
Publisher: Clear Light Pub
ISBN:
Size: 62.72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 310
View: 2000


This book is not only a work of history, it makes history.... We desperately need to hear this story if we are to save the earth, the sky, the water, the air -- save ourselves.... I thank Donald Grinde and Bruce Johansen for their eloquent and powerful contribution to our education. (Howard Zinn) A dense, hard-hitting well-documented work ... Ecocide of Native America offers a much needed option to European perspectives of history.... It is a valuable alternative textbook, if you can hold with its difficult truths. (New Mexican) The book includes the moving testimony of those who continue to experience the slow death of their lands, their means of subsistence, their communities, even as environmentalists look to Native American ecological precedents for solutions to our common global catastrophe.

Out Of Many

Out of Many PDF

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Author: John Mack Faragher
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780130100313
Size: 72.12 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 463
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Arizona Colorado New Mexico

Arizona  Colorado  New Mexico PDF

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Author: Fodor's Travel Publications, Inc
Publisher: Fodor's
ISBN: 9780679004936
Size: 65.31 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Travel
Languages : en
Pages : 576
View: 5574


Provides information on accommodations, restaurants, attractions, outdoor activities, and driving and walking tours in Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico.

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