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Sudan

Sudan PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1498334822
Size: 52.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 59
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Context: Sudan is a fragile state mired in a heavy debt burden, international sanctions, and volatile domestic and regional political environments. These problems, together with limited revenue mobilization, are constraining Sudan’s growth prospects and poverty reduction efforts. The economic situation worsened following the secession of South Sudan in 2011, resulting in the buildup of large economic imbalances. The authorities have embarked on a stabilization program and are expecting that a return of peace in South Sudan will ensure continuation of oil flows, which are crucial for sustaining the government renewed adjustment process resumed last September. Focus of the Staff-Monitored Program (SMP): In the attached Letter of Intent, dated March 7, 2014, the authorities requested a new SMP covering the period January– December, 2014. The objective of the SMP is to restore macroeconomic stability, strengthen social safety nets, and develop the required reforms to refocus the economy on its non- resource sector and lay the groundwork for sustainable economic growth. Risks to the SMP: Risks are mainly tilted to the downside. The social unrest that followed the announcement of the policy measures in September 2013 has abated, but the situation remains fragile. Security conditions remain volatile in several parts of the country, and the current standoff in South Sudan may hinder the flow of oil to Port Sudan. Furthermore, the forthcoming presidential elections in 2015 is already fueling political uncertainty, and complicating the economic policy-making process. Policy recommendations: The main recommendations from the 2013 Article IV consultation were: (i) a fiscal adjustment in the context of the 2014 budget framed in a medium-term strategy, including a gradual phasing-out of fuel subsidies, and a strengthening of social safety nets; (ii) a tighter monetary stance to contain inflation and lessen exchange rate pressures; (iii) further exchange rate flexibility to improve external competitiveness; and (iv) improvement of the business environment to boost private sector- led growth. Debt relief prospects: Relief is predicated on reaching out to creditors, normalizing relations with international financial institutions, and establishing a track record of cooperation with the IMF on policies and payments. Arrears to the Fund: Sudan has been in arrears to the Fund since July 1984. As of end- February 2014, those arrears amounted to SDR 981.5 million.

A Post Separation Social Accounting Matrix For The Sudan

A post separation Social Accounting Matrix for the Sudan PDF

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Author: Siddig, Khalid
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 79.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 33
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The 2012 Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the Sudan, with a special focus on agriculture, water, and energy, is built using data from domestic sources in the Sudan, including the Central Bureau of Statistics, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning, and the Central Bank of Sudan, besides other external sources. Major data sets used include the 2012 National Accounts and Trade Statistics of the CBS, the 53rd Annual Report of the Central Bank of the Sudan, the 2011 Labor Force Survey, the 2009 Household Income and Expenditure Survey, the 2009-2012 Agricultural Production Cost Survey, and the 2005 Industrial Survey. Data from external sources are used to complement national sources. These sources include IMF studies on government finances, FAO reports and data on agriculture, and ILO reports on labor. The SAM distinguishes between agricultural activities based on modes of irrigation, energy based on its major source, and water based on modes of production and types of uses. Land is divided into irrigated and non-irrigated, while natural water resources are added in a separate account. Households are categorized by state, location (rural and urban), and income quintiles. Labor accounts are differentiated based on location (rural and urban), skill level, and gender.

The Monetary Geography Of Africa

The Monetary Geography of Africa PDF

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Author: Paul R. Masson
Publisher: Brookings Inst Press
ISBN:
Size: 59.97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 217
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Africa is working toward the goal of creating a common currency that would serve as a symbol of African unity. The advantages of a common currency include lower transaction costs, increased stability, and greater insulation of central banks from pressures to provide monetary financing. Disadvantages relate to asymmetries among countries, especially in their terms of trade and in the degree of fiscal discipline. More disciplined countries will not want to form a union with countries whose excessive spending puts upward pressure on the central bank's monetary expansion. In T he Monetary Geography of Africa, Paul Masson and Catherine Pattillo review the history of monetary arrangements on the continent and analyze the current situation and prospects for further integration. They apply lessons from both experience and theory that lead to a number of conclusions. To begin with, West Africa faces a major problem because Nigeria has both asymmetric terms of trade--it is a large oil exporter while its potential partners are oil importers--and most important, large fiscal imbalances. Secondly, a monetary union among all eastern or southern African countries seems infeasible at this stage, since a number of countries suffer from the effects of civil conflicts and drought and are far from achieving the macroeconomic stability of South Africa. Lastly, the plan by Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda to create a common currency seems to be generally compatible with other initiatives that could contribute to greater regional solidarity. However, economic gains would likely favor Kenya, which, unlike the other two countries, has substantial exports to its neighbors, and this may constrain the political will needed to proceed. A more promising strategy for monetary integration would be to build on existing monetary unions--the CFA franc zone in western and central Africa and the Common Monetary Area in southern Africa. Masson and Pattillo argue that the goal of a creating a single African currency is probably beyond reach. Economic realities suggest that grand new projects for African monetary unions are unlikely to be successful. More important for Africa's economic well-being will be to attack the more fundamental problems of corruption and governance.

Publications Catalog

Publications Catalog PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 68.41 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : International finance
Languages : en
Pages :
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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2012 Working Together To Support Global Recovery

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2012  Working Together To Support Global Recovery PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484334841
Size: 44.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 85
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The IMF's 2012 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2012, which covers the period from May 1, 2011, through April 30, 2012. The print version of the Report is available in eight languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish), along with a CD-ROM (available in English only) that includes the Report text and ancillary materials, including the Fund's Financial Statements for FY2012.

Unsere Gemeinsame Zukunft

Unsere gemeinsame Zukunft  PDF

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Author: Volker Hauff
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783923166169
Size: 36.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : de
Pages : 421
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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1513516337
Size: 19.94 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages :
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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019.

Darfur

Darfur PDF

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Author: Gérard Prunier
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783936096668
Size: 26.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 274
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Menschlichkeit F R Alle

Menschlichkeit f  r alle PDF

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Author: Hans Haug
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 35.30 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Human rights
Languages : de
Pages : 715
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Inside Wikileaks

Inside WikiLeaks PDF

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Author: Daniel Domscheit-Berg
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843700621
Size: 60.30 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 304
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Daniel Domscheit-Berg war Sprecher von WikiLeaks und neben Julian Assange das einzig bekannte Gesicht der Enthüllungsplattform. In seinem Insider-Report gewährt er tiefe Einblicke in diese verschwiegene Organisation, die weltweit den Mächtigen das Fürchten lehrte. Er erzählt die Geschichte von WikiLeaks, wie sie noch keiner gehört hat.

Die Holocaust Industrie

Die Holocaust Industrie PDF

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Author: Norman G. Finkelstein
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783492043168
Size: 45.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Languages : de
Pages : 233
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Wikileaks

WikiLeaks PDF

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Author: Luke Harding
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783942377089
Size: 28.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 284
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