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A Republic Of Nobles

A Republic of Nobles PDF

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Author: Jan Krzysztof Fedorowicz
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521240932
Size: 35.73 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 293
View: 670


Poland continues to be a puzzle for the West, partly because its history remains unfamiliar. Recently, however, the country has produced a number of excellent historians whose work is highly esteemed by specialists but has not yet penetrated to the general reader. The present collection of studies by thirteen of Poland's leading historians will acquaint the layman with the basic issues of Poland's historical evolution, and offer specialists radical reinterpretations of some of those issues. It is intended both as an overview of recent trends in Polish historiography and as a summary of Polish history from its origins to the mid-nineteenth century. Historically, Poland represented the great exception to the emergence of centralized bureaucracy in Europe. The Polish Commonwealth became a fully elective monarchy which extended the franchise and citizenship rights to almost 10 per cent of its population, thereby making the state a unique example of gentry democracy. The nobility played a role in Polish history unlike that of any comparable class everywhere in Europe, and this unique phenomenon serves as a thread unifying the various themes in these studies of a 'republic of nobles.' -- from dust jacket.

Republic Of Poland Staff Report For The Article Iv Consultation

Republic of Poland  Staff Report for the     Article IV Consultation PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 76.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Poland
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1903



The History Of Poland

The History of Poland PDF

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Author: Mieczysław B. Biskupski
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313305719
Size: 17.51 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 236
View: 5375


Provides an up-to-date history of Poland through the end of the 20th century

The History Of Poland Since 1863

The History of Poland Since 1863 PDF

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Author: Roy Francis Leslie
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521275019
Size: 66.63 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 499
View: 568


This is an account of the evolution of Poland from conditions of subjection to its reconstruction in 1918, development in the years between the two World Wars, and reorganisation after 1945. It begins at a time when Poland was still suffering from the legacy of the eighteenth-century Partitions and burdened with problems of sizeable ethnic minorities, inadequate agrarian reforms and sluggish industrial development sustained by foreign capital. It traces the history through to independence and then to the transformation of the country in the last thirty years. Although many of the problems of the past have now disappeared, industrialisation, the structure of peasant agriculture, and political association with the Soviet Union present the Polish People's Republic with difficulties that have yet to be resolved. Substantial achievements in an ethnically homogeneous state must be set against substantial discontents. This history provides the English-speaking reader with a scholarly synthesis based mainly on literature in Polish and other East European languages. It will be essential reading for historians of Eastern Europe and for those interested in modern Polish society.

Republic Of Poland

Republic of Poland PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1484397509
Size: 79.23 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 80
View: 2576


This 2018 Article IV Consultation discussions with the Republic of Poland focused on the strong growth upswing since 2017, which has been supported by three coincident cycles: a rebound in euro-area activity, a substantial increase in European Union transfers, and new large social benefit programs. It has been highlighted in the report that risks to the outlook for the Polish economy from external developments are elevated, while any slippage from prudent policies and sound governance principles could dent investors’ risk appetite. Substantial adjustment in recent years has brought the medium-term objective within reach. Remaining adjustment should rely on sustainable, growth-friendly measures. The team recommended that independent and well-resourced financial supervision is essential for effective and even-handed oversight, particularly in a state-dominated financial system. Sustaining rapid income convergence as working-age population declines calls for durable increases in investment and productivity. Reforms should focus on removing existing barriers to investment, facilitating more reliable access to skilled labor, enhancing predictability of policy changes, and providing a level playing field for all investors by protecting the rights of minority shareholders and ensuring competition.

Republic Of Poland

Republic of Poland PDF

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Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1475510713
Size: 46.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 45
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This paper on the Republic of Poland was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information available at the time it was completed in July 2012. The views expressed in this document are those of the staff team and do not necessarily reflect the views of the government of the Republic of Poland or the Executive Board of the IMF.

A Concise History Of Poland

A Concise History of Poland PDF

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Author: Jerzy Lukowski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052185332X
Size: 62.50 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 371
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Updated and expanded second edition covering Polish history, from medieval times to the present day.

The Constitution Of The Republic Of Poland

The Constitution of the Republic of Poland PDF

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Author: Poland
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 72.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Constitutions
Languages : en
Pages : 194
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Trade Relations And Industrial Cooperation Between The People S Republic Of Poland And The Federal Republic Of Germany

Trade Relations and Industrial Cooperation Between the People s Republic of Poland and the Federal Republic of Germany PDF

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Author: Günter Heiduk
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 19.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Germany (West)
Languages : en
Pages : 108
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Protocols To The North Atlantic Treaty Of 1949 On Accession Of Poland Hungary And The Czech Republic

Protocols to the North Atlantic Treaty of 1949 on Accession of Poland  Hungary  and the Czech Republic PDF

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Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 65.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : National security
Languages : en
Pages : 61
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Republic Of Poland 2009 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Public Informationnotice On The Executive Board Discussion And Statement By The Executive Director For The Republic Of Poland

Republic of Poland  2009 Article IV Consultation   Staff Report  Public InformationNotice on the Executive Board Discussion  and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Poland PDF

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Author:
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN:
Size: 67.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Fiscal policy
Languages : en
Pages : 65
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