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An Introduction To Plasma Astrophysics And Magnetohydrodynamics

An Introduction to Plasma Astrophysics and Magnetohydrodynamics PDF

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Author: M. Goossens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400710763
Size: 68.82 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 203
View: 4295


Most of the visible matter in the universe exists in the plasma state. Plasmas are of major importance for space physics, solar physics, and astrophysics. On Earth they are essential for magnetic controlled thermonuclear fusion. This textbook collects lecture notes from a one-semester course taught at the K.U. Leuven to advanced undergraduate students in applied mathematics and physics. A particular strength of this book is that it provides a low threshold introduction to plasmas with an emphasis on first principles and fundamental concepts and properties. The discussion of plasma models is to a large extent limited to Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) with its merits and limitations clearly explained. MHD provides the students on their first encounter with plasmas, with a powerful plasma model that they can link to familiar classic fluid dynamics. The solar wind is studied as an example of hydrodynamics and MHD at work in solar physics and astrophysics.

Plasma Physics And Magnetohydrodynamics

Plasma Physics and Magnetohydrodynamics PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 70.90 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Magnetohydrodynamics
Languages : en
Pages : 166
View: 886



Plasma Physics And Magnetohydrodynamics In Space Exploration

Plasma Physics and Magnetohydrodynamics in Space Exploration PDF

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Author: NASA-University Conference on the Science and Technology of Space Exploration, Chicago, 1962
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 29.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Environmental engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 77
View: 6307



Plasma Physics

Plasma Physics PDF

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Author: Richard Fitzpatrick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466594268
Size: 65.82 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 293
View: 4680


Encompasses the Lectured Works of a Renowned Expert in the Field Plasma Physics: An Introduction is based on a series of university course lectures by a leading name in the field, and thoroughly covers the physics of the fourth state of matter. This book looks at non-relativistic, fully ionized, nondegenerate, quasi-neutral, and weakly coupled plasma. Intended for the student market, the text provides a concise and cohesive introduction to plasma physics theory, and offers a solid foundation for students wishing to take higher level courses in plasma physics. Mathematically Rigorous, but Driven by Physics This work contains over 80 exercises—carefully selected for their pedagogical value—with fully worked out solutions available in a separate solutions manual for professors. The author provides an in-depth discussion of the various fluid theories typically used in plasma physics. The material presents a number of applications, and works through specific topics including basic plasma parameters, the theory of charged particle motion in inhomogeneous electromagnetic fields, plasma fluid theory, electromagnetic waves in cold plasmas, electromagnetic wave propagation through inhomogeneous plasmas, magnetohydrodynamical fluid theory, and kinetic theory. Discusses fluid theory illustrated by the investigation of Langmuir sheaths Explores charged particle motion illustrated by the investigation of charged particle trapping in the earth’s magnetosphere Examines the WKB theory illustrated by the investigation of radio wave propagation in the earth’s ionosphere Studies the MHD theory illustrated by the investigation of solar wind, dynamo theory, magnetic reconnection, and MHD shocks Plasma Physics: An Introduction addresses applied areas and advanced topics in the study of plasma physics, and specifically demonstrates the behavior of ionized gas.

The Physics Of Plasmas

The Physics of Plasmas PDF

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Author: T. J. Boyd
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521459129
Size: 66.48 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 532
View: 5518


A comprehensive introductory graduate textbook illustrating specialised topics in current physics.

Lectures In Magnetohydrodynamics

Lectures in Magnetohydrodynamics PDF

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Author: Dalton D. Schnack
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642006884
Size: 72.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 323
View: 769


Magnetohydrodynamics, or MHD, is a theoretical way of describing the statics and dynamics of electrically conducting uids. The most important of these uids occurring in both nature and the laboratory are ionized gases, called plasmas. These have the simultaneous properties of conducting electricity and being electrically charge neutral on almost all length scales. The study of these gases is called plasma physics. MHD is the poor cousin of plasma physics. It is the simplest theory of plasma dynamics. In most introductory courses, it is usually afforded a short chapter or lecture at most: Alfven ́ waves, the kink mode, and that is it. (Now, on to Landau damping!) In advanced plasma courses, such as those dealing with waves or kinetic theory, it is given an even more cursory treatment, a brief mention on the way to things more profound and interesting. (It is just MHD! Besides, real plasma phy- cists do kinetic theory!) Nonetheless, MHD is an indispensable tool in all applications of plasma physics.

Advanced Magnetohydrodynamics

Advanced Magnetohydrodynamics PDF

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Author: J. P. Goedbloed
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139487280
Size: 60.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 6645


Following on from the companion volume Principles of Magnetohydrodynamics, this textbook analyzes the applications of plasma physics to thermonuclear fusion and plasma astrophysics from the single viewpoint of MHD. This approach turns out to be ever more powerful when applied to streaming plasmas (the vast majority of visible matter in the Universe), toroidal plasmas (the most promising approach to fusion energy), and nonlinear dynamics (where it all comes together with modern computational techniques and extreme transonic and relativistic plasma flows). The textbook interweaves theory and explicit calculations of waves and instabilities of streaming plasmas in complex magnetic geometries. It is ideally suited to advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in plasma physics and astrophysics.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts PDF

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Size: 79.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Power resources
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4358



Scientific And Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports PDF

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Size: 17.44 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Aeronautics
Languages : en
Pages :
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Engineering Magnetohydrodynamics

Engineering Magnetohydrodynamics PDF

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Author: George W. Sutton
Publisher: Courier Dover Publications
ISBN: 0486450325
Size: 28.99 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 576
View: 6446


Suitable for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in engineering, this text introduces the concepts of plasma physics and magnetohydrodynamics from a physical viewpoint. The first section of the three-part treatment deals mainly with the properties of ionized gases in magnetic and electric fields, essentially following the microscopic viewpoint. An introduction surveys the concepts of ionized gases and plasmas, together with a variety of magnetohydrodynamic regimes. A review of electromagnetic field theory follows, including motion of an individual charged particle and derivations of drift motions and adiabatic invariants. Additional topics include kinetic theory, derivation of electrical conductivity, development of statistical mechanics, radiation from plasma, and plasma wave motion. Part II addresses the macroscopic motion of electrically conducting compressible fluids: magnetohydrodynamic approximations; description of macroscopic fluid motions; magnetohydrodynamic channel flow; methods of estimating channel-flow behavior; and treatment of magnetohydrodynamic boundary layers. Part III draws upon the material developed in previous sections to explore applications of magnetohydrodynamics. The text concludes with a series of problems that reinforce the teachings of all three parts.

Handbook On Plasma Instabilities

Handbook on Plasma Instabilities PDF

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Author: Ferdinand Cap
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323148751
Size: 16.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 480
View: 2364


Handbook on Plasma Instabilities, Volume 1 serves as an introduction to the field of plasma physics and plasma instabilities. Topics covered include basic plasma physics, statistical plasma theory, and magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), as well as the many-species theory and plasma containment. The motion of individual particles, oscillations and waves, and MHD instabilities of a real and an ideal plasma are also discussed. This volume is comprised of 13 chapters and begins with a survey of the various applications of plasma sciences and an overview of the fundamental concepts of plasma physics. Basic plasma physics, the physics of instabilities, orbit theory, kinetic theory, MHD, and the many-fluid theory are then presented. The following chapters focus on the principles of plasma containment and waves in plasmas, together with the basic features of plasma instabilities and their classification. The classical MHD stability theory of an ideal and of a real plasma is also described. The final chapter is devoted to drift waves and drift instabilities in inhomogeneous plasmas, paying particular attention to the theory of gradient instabilities and the microscopic theory of waves in non-homogeneous collisionless plasmas. This handbook is intended for beginners in plasma physics and plasma instabilities and for physicists and engineers working actively in the field.

Principles Of Magnetohydrodynamics

Principles of Magnetohydrodynamics PDF

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Author: J. P. Hans Goedbloed
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521626071
Size: 17.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 613
View: 6913


Senior undergraduate and graduate textbook on key area in plasma physics and astrophysics.

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