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Philosophy Of Biology

Philosophy Of Biology PDF

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Author: Elliott Sober
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429963424
Size: 34.69 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 1981


Perhaps because of it implications for our understanding of human nature, recent philosophy of biology has seen what might be the most dramatic work in the philosophies of the ?special? sciences. This drama has centered on evolutionary theory, and in the second edition of this textbook, Elliott Sober introduces the reader to the most important issues of these developments. With a rare combination of technical sophistication and clarity of expression, Sober engages both the higher level of theory and the direct implications for such controversial issues as creationism, teleology, nature versus nurture, and sociobiology. Above all, the reader will gain from this book a firm grasp of the structure of evolutionary theory, the evidence for it, and the scope of its explanatory significance.

Philosophy Of Biology

Philosophy of Biology PDF

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Author: Peter Godfrey-Smith
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691174679
Size: 73.82 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 200
View: 569


This is a concise, comprehensive, and accessible introduction to the philosophy of biology written by a leading authority on the subject. Geared to philosophers, biologists, and students of both, the book provides sophisticated and innovative coverage of the central topics and many of the latest developments in the field. Emphasizing connections between biological theories and other areas of philosophy, and carefully explaining both philosophical and biological terms, Peter Godfrey-Smith discusses the relation between philosophy and science; examines the role of laws, mechanistic explanation, and idealized models in biological theories; describes evolution by natural selection; and assesses attempts to extend Darwin's mechanism to explain changes in ideas, culture, and other phenomena. Further topics include functions and teleology, individuality and organisms, species, the tree of life, and human nature. The book closes with detailed, cutting-edge treatments of the evolution of cooperation, of information in biology, and of the role of communication in living systems at all scales. Authoritative and up-to-date, this is an essential guide for anyone interested in the important philosophical issues raised by the biological sciences.

The Philosophy Of Biology

The Philosophy of Biology PDF

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Author: Kostas Kampourakis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400765371
Size: 21.55 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 762
View: 4540


This book brings together for the first time philosophers of biology to write about some of the most central concepts and issues in their field from the perspective of biology education. The chapters of the book cover a variety of topics ranging from traditional ones, such as biological explanation, biology and religion or biology and ethics, to contemporary ones, such as genomics, systems biology or evolutionary developmental biology. Each of the 30 chapters covers the respective philosophical literature in detail and makes specific suggestions for biology education. The aim of this book is to inform biology educators, undergraduate and graduate students in biology and related fields, students in teacher training programs, and curriculum developers about the current state of discussion on the major topics in the philosophy of biology and its implications for teaching biology. In addition, the book can be valuable to philosophers of biology as an introductory text in undergraduate and graduate courses.

Philosophy Of Biology

Philosophy of Biology PDF

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Author: Alex Rosenberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134375379
Size: 41.96 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 244
View: 4246


Is life a purely physical process? What is human nature? Which of our traits is essential to us? In this volume, Daniel McShea and Alex Rosenberg – a biologist and a philosopher, respectively – join forces to create a new gateway to the philosophy of biology; making the major issues accessible and relevant to biologists and philosophers alike. Exploring concepts such as supervenience; the controversies about genocentrism and genetic determinism; and the debate about major transitions central to contemporary thinking about macroevolution; the authors lay out the broad terms in which we should assess the impact of biology on human capacities, social institutions and ethical values.

Philosophy Of Biology Before Biology

Philosophy of Biology Before Biology PDF

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Author: Cécilia Bognon-Küss
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317227557
Size: 14.87 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 220
View: 5505


The use of the term "biology" to refer to a unified science of life emerged around 1800 (most prominently by scientists such as Lamarck and Treviranus, although scholarship has indicated its usage at least 30-40 years earlier). The interplay between philosophy and natural science has also accompanied the constitution of biology as a science. Philosophy of Biology Before Biology examines biological and protobiological writings from the mid-eighteenth century to the early nineteenth century (from Buffon to Cuvier; Kant to Oken; and Kielmeyer) with two major sets of questions in mind: What were the distinctive conceptual features of the move toward biology as a science? What were the relations and differences between the "philosophical" focus on the nature of living entities, and the "scientific" focus? This insightful volume produces a fresh but also systematic perspective both on the history of biology as a science and on the early versions of, in the 1960s in a post-positivist context, the philosophy of biology. It will appeal to students and researchers interested in fields such as history of science, philosophy of science and biology.

Aristotle S Philosophy Of Biology

Aristotle s Philosophy of Biology PDF

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Author: James G. Lennox
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521659765
Size: 24.62 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 321
View: 6086


The papers collected in this 2001 volume focus on Aristotle's systematic investigation of animals.

Philosophy Of Biology

Philosophy of Biology PDF

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Author: Alex Rosenberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405183179
Size: 64.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 464
View: 250


By combining excerpts from key historical writings with editors’ introductions and further reading material, Philosophy of Biology: An Anthology offers a comprehensive, accessible, and up-to-date collection of the field’s most significant works. Addresses central questions such as ‘What is life?’ and ‘How did it begin?’, and the most current research and arguments on evolution and developmental biology Editorial notes throughout the text define, clarify, and qualify ideas, concepts and arguments Includes material on evolutionary psychology and evolutionary developmental biology not found in other standard philosophy of biology anthologies Further reading material assists novices in delving deeper into research in philosophy of biology

Philosophy Of Biology

Philosophy of Biology PDF

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Author: Alex Rosenberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134375387
Size: 69.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 4578


Is life a purely physical process? What is human nature? Which of our traits is essential to us? In this volume, Daniel McShea and Alex Rosenberg – a biologist and a philosopher, respectively – join forces to create a new gateway to the philosophy of biology; making the major issues accessible and relevant to biologists and philosophers alike. Exploring concepts such as supervenience; the controversies about genocentrism and genetic determinism; and the debate about major transitions central to contemporary thinking about macroevolution; the authors lay out the broad terms in which we should assess the impact of biology on human capacities, social institutions and ethical values.

History And Philosophy Of Biology

History And Philosophy Of Biology PDF

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Author: Robert H Kretsinger
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814635065
Size: 65.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 364
View: 933


History and Philosophy of Biology summarizes the major philosophical ideas that have attended the development of science in general and of biology in particular. The book then explores how the techniques and the concepts of the physical sciences have impacted biology. A reductionist approach to biology — anatomy, physiology, genetics — complements the study of evolution by natural selection and an ecological perspective. The final section of the book explores several examples of the influence of science on society, and of society on science.Each of 46 chapters of History and Philosophy of Biology has been or could be the topic of a major tome. The book is unique in that it explores the web of interactions among issues of philosophy, techniques and concepts of the physical sciences, fields of biology, and the diverse relationships between society and science.The book should appeal to readers of Scientific American or the New York Review of Books even if they are not trained biologists. It is a good text, or additional reading, for an advanced undergraduate course treating history and/or philosophy of biology or of science in general.

Processes Of Life

Processes of Life PDF

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Author: John Dupré
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199691983
Size: 17.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 350
View: 7159


John Dupré explores recent revolutionary developments in biology and considers their relevance for our understanding of human nature and society. He reveals how the advance of genetic science is changing our view of the constituents of life, and shows how an understanding of microbiology will overturn standard assumptions about the living world.

Toward A New Philosophy Of Biology

Toward a New Philosophy of Biology PDF

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Author: Ernst Mayr
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674896666
Size: 18.36 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 564
View: 3349


Provides a philosophical analysis of such biological concepts as natural selection, adaptation, speciation, and evolution

Philosophy Of Biology

Philosophy of Biology PDF

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Author: Samir Okasha
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019880699X
Size: 18.12 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 152
View: 5758


Over the last forty years the philosophy of biology has emerged as an important sub-discipline of the philosophy of science. Covering some of science's most divisive topics, such as philosophical issues in genetics, it also encompasses areas where modern biology has increasingly impinged on traditional philosophical questions, such as free will, essentialism, and nature vs nurture. In this Very Short Introduction Samir Okasha outlines the core issues with which contemporary philosophy of biology is engaged. Offering a whistle-stop tour of the history of biology, he explores key ideas and paradigm shifts throughout the centuries, including areas such as the theory of evolution by natural selection; the concepts of function and design; biological individuality; and the debate over adaptationism. Throughout Okasha makes clear the relevance of biology for understanding human beings, human society, and our place in the natural world, and the importance of engaging with these issues. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

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