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O Brien Pocket History Of The Ira

O Brien Pocket History of the IRA PDF

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Author: Brendan O'Brien
Publisher: The O'Brien Press
ISBN: 1847177271
Size: 49.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 200
View: 1464


An accessible, clearly-written account of the IRA from its beginnings to today. It covers the origins and history of the organisation, its aims, the political and military thinking which has driven its activities, and the major personalities who have shaped the direction of the movement down through the years. The relationship with the Irish and British governments is examined, as well as the effects of the major bombing campaigns and the 1981 hunger strikes. It also explains the radical shift in thinking which led to the IRA seeking a political way towards the goal of Irish unity rather than pursuing the entrenched 'Brits Out' policy at the point of a gun. The background to the IRA ceasefire, and the many factors which contributed to its ending are looked at, as well as the prospects for a lasting peace in one of the world's most troubled arenas. This is intended as an easy-to-read overview of the IRA and the Northern situation, accessible to both the tourist and the interested general reader.

A Pocket History Of The Ira

A Pocket History of the IRA PDF

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Author: Brendan O'Brien
Publisher: O'Brien Press
ISBN: 9780862786427
Size: 34.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 167
View: 4264


An accessible, clearly-written account of the IRA from its beginnings to today. It covers the origins and history of the organisation, its aims, the political and military thinking which has driven its activities.

A Short History Of The Ira

A Short History of the IRA PDF

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Author: Brendan O'Brien
Publisher: The O'Brien Press Ltd
ISBN: 1788491165
Size: 71.93 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 1301


An accessible, clearly-written account of the IRA from 1916 to today. It covers the origins and history of the organisation, its aims, the political and military thinking which has driven its activities, and the major personalities who have shaped the direction of the movement down through the years. The relationship with the Irish and British governments is examined, as well as the effects of the major bombing campaigns and the 1981 hunger strikes. It also explains the radical shift in thinking which led to the IRA seeking a political way towards the goal of Irish unity rather than pursuing the entrenched 'Brits Out' policy at the point of a gun. The background to the IRA ceasefire, and the many factors which contributed to its ending are looked at, as well as the prospects for a lasting peace in one of the world's most troubled arenas. With a new chapter that brings us as far as 2018 this book has everything you need to know about the IRA.

Ira The Bombs And The Bullets

IRA  The Bombs and the Bullets PDF

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Author: A. R. Oppenheimer
Publisher: Irish Academic Press
ISBN: 1788550188
Size: 22.80 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 407
View: 6016


In this groundbreaking title, A. R. Oppenheimer tells how the Irish Republican Army became the most adept and experienced insurgency group the world has ever seen through their bombing expertise – and how, after generations of conflict, it all came to an end. The book is a comprehensive account of more than 150 years of Irish republican strategic, tactical, and operational details, and an analysis of the IRA’s mission, doctrine, targeting, and acquisition of weapons and explosives. As a leading expert on non-conventional weapons and explosives, Oppenheimer vividly presents the story behind the bombs – those who built and deployed them; those who had to deal with and dismantle them; and those who suffered or died from them. He analyses where, how, and why the IRA’s 19,000 bombs were built, targeted and deployed, and explores what the IRA was hoping to accomplish in its unrivaled campaign of violence and insurgency through covert acquisition, training, intelligence and counter-intelligence. Beginning with the Fenian ‘Dynamiters’ in the second half of the nineteenth century, Oppenheimer fully describes and assesses the impact of the pre-1970s bombing campaigns in Northern Ireland and England and the evolution of strategies and tactics during the Troubles. He concludes with the decommissioning of an arsenal big enough to arm several battalions – which included an entire home-crafted missile system, an unsurpassed range of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and enough explosives to blow up several urban centres. The author scrutinises the level of deadly improvisation that became the hallmark of the Provisional IRA’s expertise and the ingenuity in its pioneering IED timing, delay and disguise technologies, and follows the arms race it carried on with the British Army and security services in a long war of mutual assured disruption. He also provides an insight into the bombing equipment and guns in the vast IRA inventory held at Irish Police HQ in Dublin.

A Secret History Of The Ira

A Secret History of the IRA PDF

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Author: Ed Moloney
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141900695
Size: 31.70 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 768
View: 1995


For decades the British and Irish had 'got used to' a situation without parallel in Europe: a cold, ferocious, persistent campaign of bombing and terror of extraordinary duration and inventiveness. At the heart of that campaign lies one man: GerryAdams. From the outbreak of the troubles to the present day he has been an immensely influential figure. The most compelling question about the IRA is: how did a man who condoned atrocities that resulted in huge numbers of civilian deaths also become the guiding light behind the peace process? Moloney's book is now updated to encompass the anxious and uneasy peace that has prevailed to 2007.

Provisional Irish Republican Army And The Morality Of Terrorism

Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Morality of Terrorism PDF

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Author: Timothy Shanahan
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748635319
Size: 77.10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 5426


Is terrorism ever morally justified? How should historical and cultural factors be taken into account in judging the morality of terrorist acts? What are the ethical limits of state counter-terrorism?For three decades the Provisional Irish Republican Army waged an 'armed struggle' against what it considered to be the British occupation of Northern Ireland. To its supporters, the IRA was the legitimate army of Ireland, fighting to force a British withdrawal as a prelude to the re-unification of the Irish nation. To its enemies, the IRA was an illegal, fanatical, terrorist organization whose members were criminals willing to sacrifice innocent lives in pursuit of its ideological obsession. At the centre of the conflict were the then unconventional tactics employed by the IRA, including sectarian killings, political assassinations, and bombings that devastated urban centres - tactics that have become increasingly commonplace in the post-9/11 world.This book is the first detailed philosophical examination of the morality of the IRA's violent campaign, and of the British government's attempts to end it. Written in clear, accessible prose, it is essential reading for anyone wishing to acquire a deeper understanding of one of the paradigmatic conflicts of the late 20th century.

O Brien Pocket History Of Irish Traditional Music

O Brien Pocket History of Irish Traditional Music PDF

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Author: Gearóid Ó hAllmhuráin
Publisher: The O'Brien Press
ISBN: 1847175082
Size: 62.21 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Music
Languages : en
Pages : 192
View: 4448


The history of Irish traditional music, song and dance from the mythological harp of the Dagda right up to Riverdance. Exploring an abundant spectrum of historical sources, music and folklore, this guide uncovers the contribution of the Normans to Irish dancing, the role of the music maker in Penal Ireland, as well as the popularity of dance tunes and set dancing from the end of the 18th century. It also follows the music of the Irish diaspora from as far apart as Newfoundland and the music halls of vaudeville to the musical tapestry of Irish America today.

O Brien Pocket History Of Gaelic Sport

O Brien Pocket History of Gaelic Sport PDF

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Author: Eamonn Sweeney
Publisher: The O'Brien Press
ISBN: 184717521X
Size: 28.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 120
View: 2602


A clear, concise and fascinating introduction to Gaelic sport, covering Gaelic football, hurling, camogie and handball. The two greatest finals, the All Ireland Hurling and Football finals, are the largest amateur events in the world, drawing huge crowds and bringing many parts of the country to a standstill. This book deals with the origins of these games and their revival, the history of the championships and the GAA, the main rules and scoring systems, famous teams and players, great GAA grounds, All-Star awards and tours, the women's games, famous commentators, the gear and the trophies, compromise games with Aussie rules. A compendium of information on the fastest field sports in the world.

Verhandlungssache

Verhandlungssache PDF

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Author: Christian Ludwig Knoll
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3833010665
Size: 51.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : de
Pages : 176
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Noch ist nicht abzusehen, ob Nordirland durch Karfreitagsabkommen endg ltig befriedet wurde. Zu oft folgte auf Phasen der gewaltlosen Politik wieder eine Zeit der Unruhe und Gewalt. Sollte die T r in Richtung Frieden nicht doch noch zufallen, so wird es eine historische Frage sein, wie dieser Frieden zustande gekommen ist. Der Anteil vieler Personen und Organe an diesem Prozess wurde bisher untersucht. Die gro en Schritte, welche die republikanischen Fundamentalisten und die probritischen Unionisten gemacht haben, wurden mehr als geb hrend analysiert. Doch ein Feld bleibt scheinbar unbeleuchtet: Hat die IRA den Weg an den Verhandlungstisch gemacht, ohne von den Briten beeinflusst worden zu sein? Gab es Geheimabkommen? Wurde der Frieden etwa erkauft? Oder schlicht: Welche Rolle spielte die britische Regierung auf dem Weg der republikanischen Bewegung fort vom Terrorkrieg" an den Verhandlungstisch?

Rethinking Terrorism

Rethinking Terrorism PDF

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Author: Colin Wight
Publisher:
ISBN: 1137540540
Size: 54.28 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political science
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 7655



Die Libau Unternehmung

Die  Libau Unternehmung  PDF

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Author: Oliver Herrmann
Publisher: diplom.de
ISBN: 3832491546
Size: 17.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 82
View: 5570


Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: „The Provisional Government of the Irish Republic to the people of Ireland. Irishman and Irishwomen: In the name of God and the deed generations from which receives her old tradition of nationhood Ireland through us, summons her children to her flag and strikes freedom for her freedom. Having organised and trained her manhood through her secret revolutionary organisation, the Irish Republican Brotherhood and through her open military organisations, the Irish Volunteer and the Irish Citizen Army, having pationiently perfected her discipline, having resolutely waited for the right moment to reveal itself, she now seizes that moment and supported by her exiled children in America and by gallant allies in Europe, but relying in the first on her own strength, she strikes in full confidence of victory". Als diese Erklärung am 24.04.1916 von den Stufen des ‚General Post Office‘ in Dublin verlesen wurde, war der Osteraufstand gegen die englische Herrschaft in Irland bereits gescheitert. Ein wichtiger Grund hierfür war das Ausbleiben der Hilfe des einzigen existierenden ‚tapferen Verbündeten‘ in Europa: Deutschland. Die Waffenlieferung, die als ‚Libau-Unternehmung‘ nach zähen Verhandlungen auf den Weg geschickt worden war, erreichte ihr Ziel nicht. Die irischen Revolutionäre, wieder auf ihre ‚eigene Kraft‘ zurückgeworfen, wagten den Aufstand dennoch; allerdings ohne Illusionen bezüglich des Ausgangs der Kämpfe. Das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es, erstmals eine eigenständige und – dem eingeschränkten Rahmen zum Trotz – möglichst lückenlose Darstellung der ‚Libau-Unternehmung‘ zu präsentieren. Der erste Teil bietet eine knappe Einführung in die irische Geschichte und die Hintergründe des irischen Osteraufstandes, ohne die ein Verständnis der ‚Libau-Unternehmung‘ nicht möglich ist. Unter den beteiligten Organisationen spielen vor allem die ‚nach Amerika verbannten Kinder‘ eine besondere Rolle. Bereits kurz nach Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkrieges traten diese in Gestalt des ‚Clan na Gael‘ mit der deutschen Botschaft in Kontakt. Ihr Anliegen war die Bitte um militärische Unterstützung für einen Aufstand noch während des Krieges. Gemäß dem alten irischen Leitsatz ‚Englands Probleme sind Irlands Chance‘ war der Weltkrieg für sie der ‚richtige Moment‘, auf den sie so ‚entschlossen gewartet‘ hatten. Parallel zu den Verhandlungen in Amerika begann eine Hand voll Radikaler in Irland mit den konkreten Planungen. Zum Abschluss der [...]

Konfliktbearbeitung Durch Internationale Organisationen

Konfliktbearbeitung durch internationale Organisationen PDF

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Author: Klaus Brummer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322806596
Size: 12.74 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 440
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Anhand der Aktivitäten des Europarats im Kontext der Konflikte in Nordirland, Mazedonien und Tschetschenien versucht diese Arbeit, die folgenden beiden Fragen zu beantworten: Welche Handlungsoptionen stehen internationalen Organisationen zur Bearbeitung von innerstaatlichen Konflikten offen? Und welche Faktoren erweisen sich bei derlei Aktivitäten als Hemmnis? Die Kernaussage lautet, dass die Aktionsmöglichkeiten internationaler Organisationen sowohl durch interne als auch durch externe Faktoren begrenzt werden. Da, wie das Beispiel Europarat zeigt, die Überwindung solcher Beschränkungen wenig wahrscheinlich ist, werden die Handlungen internationaler Organisationen bei der Bearbeitung von Konflikten auch künftig wenig befriedigend ausfallen.

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