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Oxford Studies In Metaphysics

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics PDF

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Author: Karen Bennett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198791976
Size: 18.60 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 7290


Much of the most interesting work in philosophy today is metaphysical in character. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is a forum for the best new work in this flourishing field. OSM offers a broad view of the subject, featuring not only the traditionally central topics such as existence, identity, modality, time, and causation, but also the rich clusters of metaphysical questions in neighbouring fields, such as philsophy of mind and philosophy of science. Besides independent essays, volumes will often contain a critical essay on a recent book, or a symposium that allows participants to respond to one another's criticisms and questions. Anyone who wants to know what's happening in metaphysics can start here.

Philosophical Perspectives Metaphysics

Philosophical Perspectives  Metaphysics PDF

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Author: James Tomberlin
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781577181163
Size: 42.89 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 480
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Oxford Studies In Metaphysics

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics PDF

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Author: Dean Zimmerman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199267729
Size: 47.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 348
View: 4418


... dedicated to the timely publication of new work in metaphysics, broadly construed.

Maimonides On God And Duns Scotus On Logic And Metaphysics Volume 12

Maimonides on God and Duns Scotus on Logic and Metaphysics  Volume 12 PDF

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Author: Gyula Klima
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443881503
Size: 65.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 205
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Moses Maimonides and John Duns Scotus are key figures as regards the thirteenth-century philosophical tradition that developed out of the Western Christian reception of the Neo-Platonized Aristotelianism of Islamic and Jewish thinkers. Whereas the writings of Maimonides count among the received works that inaugurate and shape this span, the variety of conceptual instruments developed by Scotus arguably signal its end, preparing the way for the emergence of diverse fourteenth-century philosophical worldviews. Maimonides on God and Duns Scotus on Logic and Metaphysics explores the eponymous thinkers’ work across a variety of fields. In the domain of natural theology, Maimonides presses for creation de novo, adapting from the Islamic Kalām tradition what has come to be known as the Argument from Particularity, which deduces intelligent design when science seems, in principle, unable to account for states of affairs that conceivably needn’t obtain (to take an example from modern physics, the strength of the four fundamental forces). Part one of this volume contrasts Maimonides’s and Aquinas’s parallel treatments of this and other proof strategies still employed by contemporary philosophers. Part two, on Scotus, includes discussion of the authenticity of the logical writings attributed to him, the evolution of his thought in this field against the backdrop of various thirteenth-century developments, the types of Aristotelian universals theorized by Scotus, his semantics of theological discourse and ontology of possible entities.

Oxford Studies In Metaphysics

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics PDF

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Author: Karen Bennett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192509802
Size: 53.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 2491


Much of the most interesting work in philosophy today is metaphysical in character. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is a forum for the best new work in this flourishing field. OSM offers a broad view of the subject, featuring not only the traditionally central topics such as existence, identity, modality, time, and causation, but also the rich clusters of metaphysical questions in neighbouring fields, such as philsophy of mind and philosophy of science. Besides independent essays, volumes will often contain a critical essay on a recent book, or a symposium that allows participants to respond to one another's criticisms and questions. Anyone who wants to know what's happening in metaphysics can start here.

Ontology And The Ambitions Of Metaphysics

Ontology and the Ambitions of Metaphysics PDF

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Author: Thomas Hofweber
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198769830
Size: 33.68 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 172


Many significant problems in metaphysics are tied to ontological questions, but ontology and its relation to larger questions in metaphysics give rise to a series of puzzles that suggest that we don't fully understand what ontology is supposed to do, nor what ambitions metaphysics can have for finding out about what the world is like. Thomas Hofweber aims to solve these puzzles about ontology and consequently to make progress on four central metaphysical problems: the philosophy of arithmetic, the metaphysics of ordinary objects, the problem of universals, and the question whether reality is independent of us. Crucial parts of the proposed solution include considerations about quantification and its relationship to ontology, the place of reference in natural languages, the possibility of ineffable facts, the extent of empirical evidence in metaphysics, and whether metaphysics can properly be esoteric. Overall, Hofweber defends a rationalist account of arithmetic, an empiricist picture in the philosophy of ordinary objects, a restricted from of nominalism, and realism about reality, understood as all there is, but idealism about reality, understood as all that is the case. He defends metaphysics as having some questions of fact that are distinctly its own, with a limited form of autonomy from other parts of inquiry, but rejects several metaphysical projects and approaches as being based on a mistake.

An Introduction To Metaphysics

An Introduction to Metaphysics PDF

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Author: C. H. Whiteley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 042951428X
Size: 55.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 186
View: 5468


Originally published in 1950. For those interested in the fundamental problems of philosophy but not familiar with its technicalities, this book introduces the main type of theory in metaphysics, not by a catalogue of philosophers’ opinions but by a continuous train of reasoning. The central theme is the problem of the relation between Mind and Matter, and in the course of the argument there are discussions of mechanistic materialism, of idealism and our knowledge of the external world, and of the arguments for the existence of God. The problems are presented lucidly but without over-simplification.

The Language Of Ontology

The Language of Ontology PDF

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Author: J. T. M. Miller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192648535
Size: 66.12 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240
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Metaphysical and ontological debates, concerning what exists and the nature of reality, are perennial features of the philosophical landscape. However, some have argued that ontological debates are non-substantive, pointless, trivial, incoherent, or impossible. Debates about whether tables exist, for example, or about the nature of reality, are taken to be in some way deficient. This has led to a burgeoning literature studying the nature of metaphysical and ontological disputes themselves. One major debate within this context concerns the language of ontology. The central question is whether the nature of language influences or limits our ability to engage productively in ontological disputes. While we typically think that our language describes the world, or at least can accurately describe the world, there have been many who have argued that the nature of language inherently influences and limits our attempts to understand the nature of reality-that our claims about what exists are, in fact, merely a reflection of how we happen to speak or think. The Language of Ontology collects chapters from established participants in the debate alongside new voices, to explore the range of issues relating to our ability or inability to get beyond the limits of our language.

Metaphysics Volume Ii

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Author: Aristotle
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780674993174
Size: 69.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 704
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Nearly all the works Aristotle (384-322 BCE) prepared for publication are lost; the priceless ones extant are lecture-materials, notes, and memoranda (some are spurious). They can be categorized as practical; logical; physical; metaphysical; on art; other; fragments.

Idealism

Idealism PDF

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Author: Tyron Goldschmidt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198746970
Size: 35.25 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 336
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Idealism is a family of metaphysical views each of which gives priority to the mental. The best-known forms of idealism in Western philosophy are Berkeleyan idealism, which gives ontological priority to the mental (minds and ideas) over the physical (bodies), and Kantian idealism, which gives a kind of explanatory priority to the mental (the structure of the understanding) over the physical (the structure of the empirical world). Although idealism was once a dominant view in Western philosophy, it has suffered almost total neglect over the last several decades. This book rectifies this situation by bringing together seventeen essays by leading philosophers on the topic of metaphysical idealism. The various essays explain, attack, or defend a variety of idealistic theories, including not only Berkeleyan and Kantian idealisms but also those developed in traditions less familiar to analytic philosophers, including Buddhism and Hassidic Judaism. Although a number of the articles draw on historical sources, all will be of interest to philosophers working in contemporary metaphysics. This volume aims to spark a revival of serious philosophical interest in metaphysical idealism.

Oxford Studies In Metaphysics Volume 7

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics Volume 7 PDF

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Author: Karen Bennett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199659079
Size: 38.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 317
View: 6675


Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is the forum for the best new work in this flourishing field. Much of the most interesting work in philosophy today is metaphysical in character: this series is a much-needed focus for it.

Making Things Up

Making Things Up PDF

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Author: Karen Bennett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192519727
Size: 48.99 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 5156


A certain kind of talk is ubiquitous among both philosophers and so-called "ordinary people": talk of one phenomenon generating or giving rise to another, or talk of one phenomenon being based in or constructed from another. For example, your computer screen is built of atoms in a complex configuration, and the picture on the screen is based in the local illumination of various individual pixels. Karen Bennett calls the family of relations invoked by such talk 'building relations'. Grounding is one currently popular such relation; so too are composition, property realization, and-controversially-causation. In chapters 2 and 3 Bennett argues that despite their differences, building relations form an interestingly unified family, and characterizes what all building relations have in common. In chapter 4 she argues that it's a mistake to think there is a strict divide between causal and noncausal determination. Chapters 5 and 6 turn to the connections between building and fundamentality. Bennett argues at length that both absolute and relative fundamentality are best understood in terms of building, and that to say that one thing is more fundamental than another is to say no more than that certain patterns of building obtain. In chapter 7 Bennett argues that facts about what builds what must be themselves built: if a builds b, there is something in virtue of which that is the case. She also argues that the answer is a itself. Finally, in chapter 8 she defends an assumption that runs throughout the rest of the book, namely that there indeed are nonfundamental, built entities. Doing so involves substantive discussion about the scope of Ockham's Razor. Bennett argues that some nonfundamentalia are among the proper subject-matter of metaphysics, and thus that metaphysics is not best understood as the study of the fundamental nature of reality.

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