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Marine Genetic Resources Access And Benefit Sharing

Marine Genetic Resources  Access and Benefit Sharing PDF

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Author: Bevis Fedder
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134122152
Size: 78.42 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 220
View: 5995


Access to genetic resources and Benefit Sharing (ABS) has been promoted under the Convention on Biological Diversity, with the aim of combining biodiversity conservation goals with economic development. However, as this book shows, since its inception in 1992, implementation has encountered multiple challenges and obstacles. This is particularly so in the marine environment, where interest in genetic resources for pharmaceuticals and nutrients has increased. This is partly because of the lack of clarity of terminology, but also because of the terms of the comprehensive law of the sea (UNCLOS) and transboundary issues of delineating ownership of marine resources. The author explains and compares relevant provisions and concepts under ABS and the law of the sea taking access, benefit sharing, monitoring, compliance, and dispute settlement into consideration. He also provides an overview of the implementation status of ABS-relevant measures in user states and identifies successful ABS transactions. A key unique feature of the book is to illustrate how biological databases can serve as the central scientific infrastructure to implement the global multilateral benefit sharing mechanism, proposed by the Nagoya Protocol. The research for this book was supported by both the Bremen International Graduate School for Marine Sciences (GLOMAR) and the International Research Training Group INTERCOAST – Integrated Coastal Zone and Shelf-Sea Research.

Access And Benefit Sharing In Relation To Marine Genetic Resources From Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction

Access and Benefit Sharing in Relation to Marine Genetic Resources from Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction PDF

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Author: Thomas Greiber
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783896240361
Size: 36.71 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 53
View: 5798



Marine Genetic Resources Access And Benefits Sharing

Marine Genetic Resources  Access  and Benefits Sharing PDF

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Author: Bevis Fedder
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780415830553
Size: 34.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 216
View: 3100


Access to genetic resources and Benefit Sharing (ABS) has been promoted under the Convention on Biological Diversity, with the aim of combining biodiversity conservation goals with economic development. However, as this book shows, since its inception in 1992, implementation has encountered multiple challenges and obstacles. This is particularly so in the marine environment, where interest in genetic resources for pharmaceuticals and nutrients has increased. This is partly because of the lack of clarity of terminology, but also because of the terms of the comprehensive law of the sea (UNCLOS) and transboundary issues of delineating ownership of marine resources. The author explains and compares relevant provisions and concepts under ABS and the law of the sea taking access, benefit sharing, monitoring, compliance, and dispute settlement into consideration. He also provides an overview of the implementation status of ABS-relevant measures in user states and identifies successful ABS transactions. A key unique feature of the book is to illustrate how biological databases can serve as the central scientific infrastructure to implement the global multilateral benefit sharing mechanism, proposed by the Nagoya Protocol. The research for this book was supported by both the Bremen International Graduate School for Marine Sciences (GLOMAR) and the International Research Training Group INTERCOAST - Integrated Coastal Zone and Shelf-Sea Research.

Routledge Handbook Of Biodiversity And The Law

Routledge Handbook of Biodiversity and the Law PDF

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Author: Charles R. McManis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131553083X
Size: 20.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 422
View: 1264


This volume provides a reference textbook and comprehensive compilation of multifaceted perspectives on the legal issues arising from the conservation and exploitation of non-human biological resources. Contributors include leading academics, policy-makers and practitioners reviewing a range of socio-legal issues concerning the relationships between humankind and the natural world. The Routledge Handbook of Biodiversity and the Law includes chapters on fundamental and cutting-edge issues, including discussion of major legal instruments such as the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol. The book is divided into six distinct parts based around the major objectives which have emerged from legal frameworks concerned with protecting biodiversity. Following introductory chapters, Part II examines issues relating to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, with Part III focusing on access and benefit-sharing. Part IV discusses legal issues associated with the protection of traditional knowledge, cultural heritage and indigenous human rights. Parts V and VI focus on a selection of intellectual property issues connected to the commercial exploitation of biological resources, and analyse ethical issues, including viewpoints from economic, ethnobotanical, pharmaceutical and other scientific industry perspectives.

Salt Water Neighbors

Salt Water Neighbors PDF

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Author: Ted L McDorman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199771065
Size: 69.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 382
View: 3737


The United States and Canada are salt water neighbors on the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic Oceans. Despite the general closeness of the political, economic and social relationship, the two States have approached their offshore areas from different perspectives. Canada has long supported expansion of exclusive national control over its adjacent offshore; whereas the United States has been concerned with the balance between national authority and international navigation rights. Canada has tended to view maritime disputes with the United States as local matters; whereas the United States has tended to see the disputes with Canada in global terms. Against this background, Salt Water Neighbor's examines both the international ocean law disagreements that exist between the United States and Canada respecting maritime boundaries, fisheries and navigation rights (e.g., the Northwest Passage) and the numerous cooperative bilateral arrangements that have prevented these disputes from being significant causes of friction between the neighbors. There has not been a comprehensive book-length study of United States-Canada international ocean relations since the early 1970s. Much has changed in the last 30 years. Most importantly, the law and the nature of the disputes between the two States have changed as a result of the adoption of 200 nautical mile zones in the late 1970s.

Implementing The Nagoya Protocol

Implementing the Nagoya Protocol PDF

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Author: Brendan Coolsaet
Publisher: Brill - Nijhoff
ISBN: 9789004293205
Size: 57.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5711


Implementing the Nagoya Protocol compares existing ABS regimes in ten European countries, including one non-EU member and one EU candidate country, and critically explores several cross-cutting issues related to the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol in the EU.

Marine Genetic Resources R D And The Law 1

Marine Genetic Resources  R D and the Law 1 PDF

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Author: Bleuenn Guilloux
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111952816X
Size: 53.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 7777


Advances in research and development reveal the immense diversity and potential of marine genetic resources. Under international law, no specific regime applies to these complex and paradoxical objects of use. The Law of the Sea Convention sets a framework that is partly inadequate for this new category of resources. The Biodiversity Convention and the Nagoya Protocol only address the genetic resources of national areas. Patents allow their holder to exercise a monopoly on exploiting biotechnological creations to extensive claims, questioning the common nature of biodiversity and related knowledge. They hinder research and the objectives of biodiversity law. The legal and practical rules of physical and functional access vary in geometry. They focus on the valorization of research results, crystallizing conflicts of interest between suppliers and users. Sustainable research and development is essential to the knowledge and protection of marine biodiversity. The qualification of marine genetic resources in common, standard contractual tools, distributed research and development infrastructures, negotiation of an agreement on sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, would To remove these inconsistencies.

Oceans In The New Millennium

Oceans in the New Millennium PDF

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Author: Graham Robin South
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 10.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Marine resources
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 5518



Biodiversity Access And Benefit Sharing

Biodiversity  Access and Benefit Sharing PDF

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Author: Daniel F. Robinson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134689527
Size: 27.83 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 216
View: 4842


The Nagoya Protocol to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is rapidly receiving signatures and ratifications. Many countries are preparing to implement the protocol through national research permit systems and/or biodiversity laws. Yet there is still considerable confusion about how to implement the Protocol, regarding access and benefit-sharing (ABS) procedures, and minimal experience in many countries. This book seeks to remedy this gap in understanding by analysing a number of ABS case studies in light of the Nagoya Protocol. The case studies are wide-ranging, with examples of plants for medicinal, cosmetic, biotech and food products from or for development in Australia, North Africa, Madagascar, Switzerland, Thailand, USA and Oceania. These will encourage countries to develop national systems which maximise their benefits (both monetary and non-monetary) towards conservation and support for local communities that hold traditional knowledge. In addition, the author analyses new expectations raised by the Nagoya Protocol, such as the encouragement of the development of community protocols by indigenous and local communities. As a result, stakeholders and policy-makers will be able to learn the steps involved in establishing ABS agreements, issues that arise between stakeholders, and the types of benefits that might be realistic.

The Global Governance Of Genetic Resources

The Global Governance of Genetic Resources PDF

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Author: Florian Rabitz
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351984705
Size: 67.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 196
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Multi-institutional governance architectures are increasingly common in world politics, yet how do they evolve over time? This book develops a fresh conceptual approach by distinguishing two main types of institutional change and by proposing the strategic context within which governments make decisions regarding international cooperation as the main driving factor. Applying this theoretical framework to the case of genetic resources, it shows how the scope for change has persistently been circumscribed by asymmetries in the global biotechnology sector. Taking a broad view of the underlying technological, legal and economic factors, the book analyzes the formation of international regimes linking access to genetic resources to the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of their utilization. Covering negotiations in the areas of seeds, intellectual property rights, pandemic influenza viruses and marine genetic resources, the author shows how governments have persistently faced the problem of ensuring cooperation among actors with widely differing interests. This led them to opt for a strategy of institutional layering, whereby new international instruments are gradually built upon pre-existing ones. In addition to giving a comprehensive overview of the international governance of Access and Benefit-sharing within the wider context of modern biotechnology, the argument developed here enables a new perspective for studying institutional change in multi-institutional governance architectures.

Victoria University Of Wellington Law Review

Victoria University of Wellington Law Review PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 11.36 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 7156



A Guide To Designing Legal Frameworks To Determine Access To Genetic Resources

A Guide to Designing Legal Frameworks to Determine Access to Genetic Resources PDF

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Author: Lyle Glowka
Publisher: IUCN
ISBN: 2831704286
Size: 72.27 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 97
View: 5623


This book highlights some of the principles which should be considered by planners, legislative drafters, and policy-makers as they work to develop legal frameworks on access to genetic resources in their countries. Contextual information on the Convention on Biological Diversity and examples of how countries have approached the issue to date are provided.

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