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Islam And Dissent In Postrevolutionary Iran

Islam and Dissent in Postrevolutionary Iran PDF

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Author: Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1786724928
Size: 24.12 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 1187


The Islamic Republic of Iran came into being in 1979, the result of a radical revolution that overhauled not only the foundations of Iranian society, religion and politics, but also our understanding of the role of religion in modern government. Here Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi takes us on an enlightening journey, showing that contrary to widespread assumptions the Iranian revolution opened up the public sphere to competing interpretations of Islam, with profound consequences for the nature of democratic reform. Ghamari-Tabrizi sheds new light on the contingencies within which the new regime evolved, and traces the steps by which the clerical establishment sought to consolidate power during the immediate postrevolutionary period. Contrary to the received view, he argues that the ruling class failed to institute a theocratic regime, and, more significantly, unintentionally established the grounds for civic challenges to government policies underwritten by official interpretations of Islam. Far from being the exclusive preserve of high-ranking seminarians, interpretations of doctrinal Islam in contemporary Iran now form a contested, varied and negotiated discourse in which lay theologians, intellectuals, lawyers and social activists are active and influential interlocutors. Against the background of this unexpected development, Ghamari-Tabrizi addresses the early and late works of Abdolkarim Soroush, an Iranian philosopher who has become one of the most influential Muslim intellectuals in recent years, a leading force behind Iran's pro-democracy movement and vocal critic of the state. Through a close reading of Soroush's evolving ideas, and of the works of Ali Shari`ati, and by tracing the links between Muslim intellectual critique and the realpolitik of postrevolutionary power struggles, Ghamari-Tabrizi offers nothing less than a pathbreaking reassessment of the Iranian revolution. In so doing, he demonstrates how democratic transformation in Muslim societies has taken place by means of a public engagement with the teachings of Islam and highlights a most significant, if unintended, consequences of the Iranian revolution - namely the secularization of Islam. Drawing on a wealth of sources and with powerful insights, 'Islam and Dissent' is essential for an understanding of the Muslim world today and of the new relationships between religion, culture and political power visible across the globe.

Foucault In Iran

Foucault in Iran PDF

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Author: Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452950563
Size: 32.89 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 6955


Were the thirteen essays Michel Foucault wrote in 1978–1979 endorsing the Iranian Revolution an aberration of his earlier work or an inevitable pitfall of his stance on Enlightenment rationality, as critics have long alleged? Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi argues that the critics are wrong. He declares that Foucault recognized that Iranians were at a threshold and were considering if it were possible to think of dignity, justice, and liberty outside the cognitive maps and principles of the European Enlightenment. Foucault in Iran centers not only on the significance of the great thinker’s writings on the revolution but also on the profound mark the event left on his later lectures on ethics, spirituality, and fearless speech. Contemporary events since 9/11, the War on Terror, and the Arab Uprisings have made Foucault’s essays on the Iranian Revolution more relevant than ever. Ghamari-Tabrizi illustrates how Foucault saw in the revolution an instance of his antiteleological philosophy: here was an event that did not fit into the normative progressive discourses of history. What attracted him to the Iranian Revolution was precisely its ambiguity. Theoretically sophisticated and empirically rich, this interdisciplinary work will spark a lively debate in its insistence that what informed Foucault’s writing was not an effort to understand Islamism but, rather, his conviction that Enlightenment rationality has not closed the gate of unknown possibilities for human societies.

Global Sufism

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Author: Francesco Piraino
Publisher: Hurst & Company
ISBN: 178738134X
Size: 55.71 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Globalization
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 1946


Sufism is a growing and global phenomenon, far from the declining relic it was once thought to be. This book brings together the work of fourteen leading experts to explore systematically the key themes of Sufism's new global presence, from Yemen to Senegal via Chicago and Sweden. The contributors look at the global spread and stance of such major actors as the Ba 'Alawiyya, the 'Afropolitan' Tijaniyya, and the Gülen Movement. They map global Sufi culture, from Rumi to rap, and ask how global Sufism accommodates different and contradictory gender practices. They examine the contested and shifting relationship between the Islamic and the universal: is Sufism the timeless and universal essence of all religions, the key to tolerance and co-existence between Muslims and non-Muslims? Or is it the purely Islamic heart of traditional and authentic practice and belief? Finally, the book turns to politics. States and political actors in the West and in the Muslim world are using the mantle and language of Sufism to promote their objectives, while Sufis are building alliances with them against common enemies. This raises the difficult question of whether Sufis are defending Islam against extremism, supporting despotism against democracy, or perhaps doing both.

Nomads In Postrevolutionary Iran

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Author: Lois Beck
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317743873
Size: 39.96 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 404
View: 6359


Examining the rapid transition in Iran from a modernizing, westernizing, secularizing monarchy (1941-79) to a hard-line, conservative, clergy-run Islamic republic (1979-), this book focuses on the ways this process has impacted the Qashqa’i—a rural, nomadic, tribally organized, Turkish-speaking, ethnic minority of a million and a half people who are dispersed across the southern Zagros Mountains. Analysing the relationship between the tribal polity and each of the two regimes, the book goes on to explain the resilience of the people’s tribal organizations, kinship networks, and politicized ethnolinguistic identities to demonstrate how these structures and ideologies offered the Qashqa’i a way to confront the pressures emanating from the two central governments. Existing scholarly works on politics in Iran rarely consider Iranian society outside the capital of Tehran and beyond the reach of the details of national politics. Local-level studies on Iran—accounts of the ways people actually lived—are now rare, especially after the revolution. Based on long-term anthropological research, Nomads in Postrevolutionary Iran provides a unique insight into how national-level issues relate to the local level and will be of interest to scholars and researchers in Anthropolgy, Iranian Studies and Middle Eastern Studies.

The Forgotten Schools

The Forgotten Schools PDF

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Author: Soli Shahvar
Publisher: I.B. Tauris
ISBN:
Size: 65.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 272
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By the end of the nineteenth century it became evident to Iran's ruling Qajar elite that the state's contribution to the promotion of modern education in the country was unable to meet the growing expectations set by Iranian society. Muzaffar al-Din Shah sought to remedy this situation by permitting the entry of the private sector into the field of modern education and in 1899 the first Baha'i school was established in Tehran. By the 1930s there were dozens of Baha'i schools. Their high standards of education drew many non-Baha'i students, from all sections of society.Here Soli Shahvar assesses these 'forgotten schools' and investigates why they proved so popular not only with Baha'is, but Zoroastrians, Jews and especially Muslims. Shahvar explains why they were closed by the reformist Reza Shah in the late 1930s and the subsequent fragility of the Baha'is position in Iran.

The Dissident Mullah

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Author: Ulrich von Schwerin
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 178673947X
Size: 35.56 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 3217


The Iranian cleric Ayatollah Montazeri (1922-2009) played an integral role in the founding of the Islamic Republic in the wake of the Iranian Revolution of 1978/9. Yet at the time of his death, Montazeri was considered one of the Islamic Republic's fiercest critics. What made this man, who was once considered the leading advocate of the state doctrine of the 'Guardianship of the Jurist' (velayat-e faqih) and the designated successor to the supreme leader Ayatollah Khomeini, change his views? How did his political theory incorporate issues such as civil rights, pluralism and popular participation? And what influence did his ideas have on others? Ulrich von Schwerin's book answers these questions by examining the evolution of Montazeri's political thought over the course of five decades, and studies his role in the discourse on religion and politics in Iran. In doing so, he sheds a new light on some of the most crucial events and vital protagonists of recent Iranian history.

Inscription On Stone

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Author: Reza Arjmand
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 80.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 2958



The Muslim World Book Review

The Muslim World Book Review PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 66.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Islam
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 6906



Remembering Akbar

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Author: Behrooz Ghamari
Publisher: OR Books
ISBN: 1682190552
Size: 43.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 266
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Set in the tumultuous aftermath of the Iranian revolution in 1979, Remembering Akbar weaves together the stories of a group of characters who share a crowded death row cell in Tehran’s notorious Evin prison. A teeming world is evoked vividly through the relationships, memories, and inner lives of these political prisoners, many of whom were eventually executed. Told through a series of linked memories by the narrator, Akbar, whose striking candor is infused with a mordant sense of humor, the story takes the reader beyond mere political struggles and revelations, to a vibrant alternative history, written, as it were, by the losers. The characters whose stories Akbar recounts are brought to life within the mundane rhythms of a bleak institution, in its simple pleasures as well as its frequent horrors, and in the unexpected connections that emerge between the world inside and a past before imprisonment. Rather than exalting the heroic, or choosing to focus merely on despair or redemption, Remembering Akbar reveals eloquently how life unfolds when death is starkly imminent. It is a deeply moving story of great camaraderie, biting humor, and soulful remembrance.

Des Kaisers Kinder

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Author: Claire Messud
Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe
ISBN: 345500606X
Size: 31.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Fiction
Languages : de
Pages : 544
View: 343


Manhattan, kurz vor 9/11. Danielle, Marina und Julius, alle um die dreißig und Freunde seit Collegetagen, stellen fest, dass es mit den großen Dingen, die sie sich einst vorgenommen hatten, nichts geworden ist. Da taucht aus der Provinz Marinas ehrgeiziger Cousin auf und stellt das Leben der Freunde in Frage, kurz bevor die Welt von heute auf morgen eine andere wird. Scharfsinnig, amüsant, mit spitzer und doch warmer Feder geht Claire Messud in ihrem großen Gesellschaftsroman den Irrungen und Wirrungen ihrer Figuren auf den Grund und zeigt auf, wie sehr wir von der Zeit, in der wir leben, geprägt werden. "Lange gab es keinen Roman von vergleichbarem Format, der den Mythos des 'amerikanischen Traums' auf ähnlich elegante und erbarmungslose und am Ende doch sehr ironische Weise bloßgestellt hat wie dieser." Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

Blogistan

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Author: Annabelle Sreberny
Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS
ISBN: 386854528X
Size: 44.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : de
Pages : 285
View: 5726


Die Protestwelle nach der umstrittenen Präsidentschaftswahl im Iran vom Juni 2009 lenkte die Aufmerksamkeit der Weltöffentlichkeit auf die lebendige Internetkultur der Islamischen Republik. Das Internet, heißt es, befördert den gesellschaftlichen Wandel in Ländern wie dem Iran, doch inwiefern unterscheidet sich das Netz von den Printmedien? Stellt es tatsächlich eine neue öffentliche Sphäre dar? Welchen Einfluss haben soziale Netzwerke wie Facebook, Twitter oder YouTube auf die Organisation von Demonstrationen? Bringt die iranische Blogosphäre eine Kultur des Dissidententums hervor, die das islamistische Regime am Ende zu Fall bringen wird? Diese wegweisende Studie bietet Einblicke in die Internetkultur im heutigen Iran und untersucht die Auswirkungen der neuen Kommunikationsformen auf Gesellschaft und Politik. Die Autoren warnen davor, "Blogger" mit "Dissident" gleichzusetzen, denn auch das Regime hat längst mit der "Kolonisierung Blogistans" begonnen. Das Internet, so eine ihrer Thesen, bringt Veränderungen mit sich, die weder die Regierung noch die Demokratiebewegungen vorhersehen konnten und können. "Blogistan" ist nicht nur eine Fallstudie zur Internetaneigung in der islamischen Welt, sondern das Buch macht auch deutlich, welche Auswirkungen die Neuen Medien auf gesellschaftliche Strukturen und Prozesse haben.

2010

2010 PDF

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Author: De Gruyter
Publisher: de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110230253
Size: 33.15 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Reference
Languages : un
Pages : 2612
View: 5705


The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.3 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.

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