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Planning Ahead And Falling Behind

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Author: Jaap Sleifer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3050085398
Size: 36.70 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 239
View: 5486


Für diese Untersuchung wurde dem Autor am 13. 9. 2007 der René Kuczynski-Preis für herausragende Publikationen auf dem Gebiet der Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte verliehen. Der Autor definiert die Wirtschaftsleistung Ostdeutschlands im Vergleich zu Westdeutschland neu. Dazu zieht er in der wissenschaftlichen Literatur vorliegende Berechnungen und eigene Schätzungen heran. Zum einen bestimmt er die Wirtschaftsleistung für die Stichjahre 1936 und 1954 neu, um den Einfluss der Startbedingungen abschätzen zu können. Außerdem berechnet er die Produktion der Industrie und ihrer Branchen auf Basis physischer Angaben für den Zeitraum 1936-1991 sowie darauf aufbauend das gesamte Bruttoinlandsprodukt Ostdeutschlands neu. Die erzielten Ergebnisse sind innovativ und erweitern unser Wissen über Niveau und Entwicklung der Wirtschaft auf dem Gebiet der DDR. Es handelt sich um die derzeit beste, breiteste, fundierteste Berechnung der Wirtschaftsentwicklung der DDR, und zwar im Vergleich mit Westdeutschland.

Falling Behind

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Author: Francis Fukuyama
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199830991
Size: 44.80 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 4189


Annotation In 1700, Latin America and British North America were roughly equal in economic terms. Yet over the next three centuries, the United States gradually pulled away. In 'Falling Behind', Francis Fukuyama gathers together some of the world's leading scholars on the subject to explain the nature of the gap and how it came to be.

Falling Behind

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Author: Robert Frank
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520280520
Size: 69.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 176
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"With a timely new foreword by Robert Frank, this groundbreaking book explores the very meaning of happiness and prosperity in America today. Although middle-income families don't earn much more than they did several decades ago, they are buying bigger cars, houses, and appliances. To pay for them, they spend more than they earn and carry record levels of debt. Robert Frank explains how increased concentrations of income and wealth at the top of the economic pyramid have set off 'expenditure cascades' that raise the cost of achieving many basic goals for the middle class. Writing in lively prose for a general audience, Frank employs up-to-date economic data and examples drawn from everyday life to shed light on reigning models of consumer behavior. He also suggests reforms that could mitigate the costs of inequality. Falling Behind compels us to rethink how and why we live our economic lives the way we do."--Publisher's Web site.

Falling Behind

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Author: Michael S. Teitelbaum
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 069115466X
Size: 32.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 147


Is the United States falling behind in the global race for scientific and engineering talent? Are U.S. employers facing shortages of the skilled workers that they need to compete in a globalized world? Such claims from some employers and educators have been widely embraced by mainstream media and political leaders, and have figured prominently in recent policy debates about education, federal expenditures, tax policy, and immigration. Falling Behind? offers careful examinations of the existing evidence and of its use by those involved in these debates. These concerns are by no means a recent phenomenon. Examining historical precedent, Michael Teitelbaum highlights five episodes of alarm about "falling behind" that go back nearly seventy years to the end of World War II. In each of these episodes the political system responded by rapidly expanding the supply of scientists and engineers, but only a few years later political enthusiasm or economic demand waned. Booms turned to busts, leaving many of those who had been encouraged to pursue science and engineering careers facing disheartening career prospects. Their experiences deterred younger and equally talented students from following in their footsteps—thereby sowing the seeds of the next cycle of alarm, boom, and bust. Falling Behind? examines these repeated cycles up to the present, shedding new light on the adequacy of the science and engineering workforce for the current and future needs of the United States.

Falling Behind

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Author: United States. Congress. Joint Economic Committee
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 68.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Income
Languages : en
Pages : 26
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Falling Behind

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Author: New York (State). Governor's Advisory Committee for Black Affairs. Human Services Subcommittee
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 44.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : African Americans
Languages : en
Pages : 228
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Catching Up And Falling Behind

Catching Up and Falling Behind PDF

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Author: David A. Dyker
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1860944345
Size: 33.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 379
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In this collection of essays David A Dyker explores some of the most difficult and fascinating aspects of the process of transition from autocratic ?real socialism? to a capitalism that is sometimes democratic, sometimes authoritarian. The stress is on the economic dimension of transformation, but the author sets the economic drama firmly within a political economy framework and a historical perspective. Trends in key economic variables are analysed against the background of the struggle between different social and political groups for power and command over resources. While the book pays due attention to topical issues like EU enlargement, the underlying perspective is a long-term one. Transition is viewed not as a set of once-and-for-all institutional changes or a process of short-term stabilisation, but as a historic opportunity to solve the inherited problem of poverty and underdevelopment in Central-East Europe and the former Soviet Union. The book ends with a critical assessment of how economics, as a discipline, has coped with the challenge of that historic opportunity.

Forging Ahead Falling Behind

Forging Ahead  Falling Behind PDF

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Author: Open Media Research Institute
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9781563249259
Size: 46.95 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 428
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This second annual survey by the Open Media Research Institute presents some 100 contributions on political developments in the 27 countries of the former socialist bloc. Sections on individual countries include a map, key statistics, brief discussions of domestic and foreign policy issues, excerpts from important documents, and profiles of major personalities. Some contributors provide general articles on regional economic developments and the processes involved with building democratic institutions. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

From Falling Behind To Catching Up

From Falling Behind to Catching Up PDF

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Author: Richard Record
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464811954
Size: 55.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 80
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Despite decades of development efforts supported by significant amounts of foreign aid, Malawi has experienced weak and volatile economic growth performance over a sustained period of time. Malawi’s growth remains an outlier even compared to its geographically and demographically similar peers. Moreover, growth has been distributed unequally, with little impact on poverty. Per capita income has improved only minimally in the 50 years since independence, and Malawi now has one of the lowest per capita incomes in the world. From Falling Behind to Catching Up aims to improve readers’ understanding of the puzzle of Malawi’s development performance and identify ways for the country to achieve robust growth and stay on a stable growth path that helps the poor. The book places a strong emphasis on assessing Malawi’s growth experience since independence from a comparative international perspective. It seeks to benchmark Malawian outcomes on growth, structural change, and transformation against peers and explores possible reasons for divergence from international trends. The book also puts deeper drivers of economic growth at the center of the discussion, looking in particular at the institutions and policies that may have affected Malawi’s growth outcomes and ones that could help Malawi avoid macroeconomic instability in the future. This book first begins by discussing Malawi’s macroeconomic situation and challenges in fiscal management, reviewing and drawing lessons from the instability, slippages, and shocks Malawi has experienced since independence. Second, given how critical the agricultural sector is to poverty reduction in Malawi, the overview explores the current state of agricultural markets. Third, looking at the factors that may constrain higher growth in the future, challenges in private sector development and job creation are discussed. Finally, building on the analysis of challenges, the book concludes with a summary of policy recommendations aimed at helping Malawi begin catching up with its peers.

Forging Ahead Falling Behind And Fighting Back

Forging Ahead  Falling Behind and Fighting Back PDF

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Author: Nicholas Crafts
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108424406
Size: 63.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 152
View: 3587


Highlights the interactions between institutions and policy choices, as well as the importance of historical constraints on Britain's relative economic decline.

Falling Behind

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Author: Henry D. Sokolski
Publisher: Strategic Studies Institute U. S. Army War College
ISBN:
Size: 48.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Nuclear nonproliferation
Languages : en
Pages : 349
View: 3183


If possible, it would be useful to enhance the International Atomic Energy Agency?s ability to detect and prevent nuclear diversions. This would not only reduce the current risk of nuclear proliferation, it would make the further expansion of nuclear power much less risky.

Falling Behind Or Moving Up

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Author: Jeff Groger
Publisher: Public Policy Inst of California
ISBN:
Size: 53.35 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Intergenerational relations
Languages : en
Pages : 111
View: 141



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