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Conscientious Objectors And The Second World War

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Author: Cynthia Eller
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN:
Size: 24.86 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 218
View: 6762


Was pacifism an acceptable response to Hitler's military and moral assault? This volume analyzes the moral and religious arguments justifying an individual's opposition to war as it responds to this question. Drawing largely on interviews with 60 World War II conscientious objectors, this study provides an oral history of the difficulties encountered as a conscientious objector in the "Last Good War," and uses World War II as a case study for examining how people arrive at the moral decisions which they act upon. By placing pacifism within its historical, theological, and political framework, the discussion considers the pacifist's commitment to action and his attitude toward the consequences of those actions, an aspect of pacifism on which Eller challenges commonly held views.

Conscientious Objectors Of The Second World War

Conscientious Objectors of the Second World War PDF

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Author: Ann Kramer
Publisher: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 1844681181
Size: 45.83 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 4057


Even today, most histories of the world wars focus on those who fought. Those who refused to fight are usually overlooked, or just mentioned in passing, sometimes in a very dismissive manner. However, during the First World War, 16,000 men in Britain refused conscription: they believed it was wrong to take up arms and kill. Known as conscientious objectors they were humiliated, abused and imprisoned for their stand. More than 70 died because of brutal treatment. Twenty years later, during the Second World War, there were more than 60,000 conscientious objectors in Britain. They were treated more humanely but even so, many people neither understood nor sympathized with their stand. A Determined Resistance: Conscientious Objectors of the First World War and Refusing to Fight: Conscientious Objectors of the Second World War tell the stories of these remarkable men – and women – who bravely took a stand against war and refused to be conscripted. The books ask who the conscientious objectors were, what reasons they gave for refusing to fight and how they were treated. They look at the impact of conscientious objectors and ask how their actions should be viewed today. To bring this fascinating subject to life, author Ann Kramer has used extensive prime sources such as interviews, letters, diaries, memoirs, and contemporary newspapers. She also places the experiences of conscientious objectors into the wider context of a national and international peace and anti-war movement. The focus is mainly on Britain but will also include material on pacifists, war resisters and conscientious objectors elsewhere in the warring world, such as the United States, Canada, Australia, and Germany.

Conscientious Objectors Of The First World War

Conscientious Objectors of the First World War PDF

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Author: Ann Kramer
Publisher: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 184468119X
Size: 67.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 3415


The story of conscientious objection in Britain begins in 1916, when conscription was introduced for the first time. Some 16,000 men ã the first conscientious objectors ã refused conscription because they believed on grounds of conscience that it was wrong to kill and wrong of any government to force them to do so. As historians mark the centenary of the First World War much emphasis is placed on the bravery of those men who fought and died in the trenches. But those who refused to kill were also courageous. Conscientious objectors in the First World War were treated brutally: they were seen as cowards and traitors, vilified, abused, forced into the army, brutalised and tortured. Some were even sentenced to death in an attempt to break their resistance. Many spent long months and years in prison. Nothing though that the authorities did broke the determined resistance of these men, whose deeply held principles and belief that killing was wrong carried them through and stands as a beacon for individual conscience to this day. ??Conscientious Objectors of the First World War: A Determined Resistance tells the stories of these remarkable men. It looks at who they were, why they took the stand they did and how they were treated. To bring their voices and experiences to life, Ann Kramer, has used extensive prime source material, including interviews, memoirs and contemporary newspapers. Working from these she describes what it was like for COs to face hostile tribunals, be forced into the army, defy army regulations, be brutalised and endure repeated terms of imprisonment. She concludes by looking at their legacy, which was profound, inspiring a second generation of conscientious objectors during the Second World War, a continuing story that Ann Kramer describes in her companion volume Conscientious Objectors of the Second World War: Refusing to Kill.

Conscience Government And War

Conscience  Government  and War PDF

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Author: Rachel Barker
Publisher: Routledge & Kegan Paul Books
ISBN:
Size: 35.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Conscientious objection
Languages : en
Pages : 174
View: 4132


Shows how the British government dealt with the challenge which conscientious objectors posed in the Second World War and how far it was able to correct the abuses and injustices which most certainly occurred in the Great War. The author traces the background of pacifism between the wars and the introduction of conscription, and gives detailed account of the functioning of the conscientious objectors' tribunals and an assessment of their work.

I Will Not Fight

I Will Not Fight PDF

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Author: Pat Starkey
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
ISBN: 9780853234678
Size: 70.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 40
View: 5054


This essay discusses the activities of those in North-West England who, during the Second World War, were unwilling to participate in military action, whether for religious and moral or for political reasons. Many overcame their individualism in order to form a variety of groupings, partly for self-protection but mainly in order to demonstrate their willingness and capacity to undertake social tasks they considered beneficial. Humanitarian activities, for instance, in relation to victims of bombing led to a more general interest in helping disadvantaged families. This in turn led up to the formation of Pacifist Service Units and the development of "case-work" social activities. After the war these units, dropping their pacifist connection, generated the Family Service Units movement, where family case-work was widely respected as an essential feature of national social and community policy.

Mennonite Life

Mennonite Life PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 23.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Mennonites
Languages : en
Pages :
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The United States And The Second World War

The United States and the Second World War PDF

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Author: G. Kurt Piehler
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
ISBN: 0823231208
Size: 42.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 1095


In this text, Piehler and Pash bring together a collection of essays offering an examination of American participation in the Second World War, including a long overdue reconsideration of such seminal topics as the forces leading the US to enter World War II, the role of the American military in the Allied victory and more.

Acts Of Conscience

Acts of Conscience PDF

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Author: Steven J. Taylor
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815609155
Size: 18.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 484
View: 6254


In the mid- to late 1940s, a group of young men rattled the psychiatric establishment by beaming a public spotlight on the squalid conditions and brutality in our nation’s mental hospitals and training schools for people with psychiatric and intellectual disabilities. Bringing the abuses to the attention of newspapers and magazines across the country, they led a reform effort to change public attitudes and to improve the training and status of institutional staff. Prominent Americans, such as Eleanor Roosevelt, ACLU founder Roger Baldwin, author Pearl S. Buck, actress Helen Hayes, and African-American activist Mary McLeod Bethune, supported the efforts of the young men. These young men were among the 12,000 World War II conscientious objectors who chose to perform civilian public service as an alternative to fighting in what is widely regarded as America’s “good war.” Three thousand of these men volunteered to work at state institutions where they discovered appalling conditions. Acting on conscience a second time, they challenged America’s treatment of its citizens with severe disabilities. Acts of Conscience brings to light the extra-ordinary efforts of these courageous men, drawing upon extensive archival research, interviews, and personal correspondence. The World War II conscientious objectors were not the first to expose public institutions, and they would not be the last. What distinguishes them from reformers of other eras is that their activities have faded from the professional and popular memory. Taylor’s moving account is an indispensable contribution to the historical record.

Shipshewana

Shipshewana PDF

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Author: Dorothy O. Pratt
Publisher: Quarry Books - IPS
ISBN:
Size: 43.75 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 209
View: 2038


A cultural history of one Indiana Amish community examines the history of Shipshewana, the traditional lifestyles of the region's inhabitants, and the community's dedication to its founding religious principles and its success in resisting assimilation into the wider American culture.

Conscientious Objection To Various Compulsions Under British Law

Conscientious Objection to Various Compulsions Under British Law PDF

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Author: Constance Braithwaite
Publisher: W. Sessions
ISBN:
Size: 12.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Civil disobedience
Languages : en
Pages : 421
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The Best Books For Academic Libraries World History

The Best Books for Academic Libraries  World history PDF

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Author:
Publisher: Best Books
ISBN: 9780722200155
Size: 19.38 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 479
View: 2764


Books recommended for undergraduate and college libraries listed by Library of Congress Classification Numbers.

Choice

Choice PDF

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 40.50 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Academic libraries
Languages : en
Pages :
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